Minkhaung of Prome

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For other people named Minkhaung, see Minkhaung (disambiguation).
Minkhaung of Prome
မင်းခေါင် (ပြည်)
King of Prome
Reign February 1539 – 19 May 1542
Predecessor Narapati
Successor Thado Dhamma Yaza I
Consort Thiri Hpone Htut
Full name
Shin Thayet
House Mohnyin
Father Bayin Htwe
Mother Chit Mi of Prome[1]
Born c. 1510s
Prome (Pyay)
Died c. April 1553
Pegu (Bago)
Religion Theravada Buddhism

Minkhaung of Prome (Burmese: မင်းခေါင် (ပြည်) [mɪ́ɴɡàʊɴ]; died 1553) was the last king of Prome, who reigned three tumultuous years from 1539 to 1542.[2] He succeeded his brother Narapati in 1539. Minkhaung frantically prepared to defend against another attack by Toungoo Kingdom. He reinforced his already heavily fortified city of Prome (Pyay), and hired foreign mercenaries. Although he knew his nominal overlords, the Confederation of Shan States, would assist him, he continued the alliance with King Min Bin of Mrauk U begun by his late brother. Min Bin was married to Minkhaung's and Narapati's sister.

In late 1541, Toungoo again laid siege to Prome. Prome's allies the Confederation and Mrauk U sent in help to break the siege. But Toungoo forces under the command of Gen. Bayinnaung defeated both armies. Mrauk U also sent in a naval flotilla that landed in Bassein (Pathein). Upon hearing of the Mrauk U army's defeat, the flotilla turned back. After a five months' siege, starvation set in. The besieged deserted the city in great numbers. On 19 May 1542 (5th waxing of Nayon 904 ME), Minkhaung surrendered. Minkhaung and his queen Thiri Hpone Htut were taken to Toungoo (Taungoo).[3]

King Tabinshwehti of Toungoo appointed Mingyi Swe, Bayinnaung's father, governor of Prome, restoring its former position of a provincial capital.

Minkhaung remained under house arrest until 1553 when he was executed by Bayinnaung. Thiri Hpone Htut became a queen of Bayinnaung with the title of Sanda Dewi.[4]

Ancestry[edit]

The following is his ancestry as reported in the Hmannan Yazawin chronicle, which in turn referenced contemporary inscriptions.[note 1] His parents were first cousins.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
8. Narapati of Ava
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4. Thado Minsaw of Prome
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
9. Atula Maha Yaza Dewi of Ava
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2. Bayin Htwe
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
10. Minye Kyawswa II of Prome
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
5. Myat Hpone Pyo of Prome
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
11. Saw Min Phyu
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1. Minkhaung
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
12. Minye Kyawswa II of Prome
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
6. Minye Kyawswa of Kale
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
13. Saw Min Phyu
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
3. Chit Mi of Prome
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
14. Mingyi Swa of Prome
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
7. Min Hpone Htut of Prome
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
15. Saw Myat Lay
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ See (Hmannan Vol. 3 2003: 80) for the names of his maternal grandparents. See (Hmannan Vol. 2 2003: 82–84) for further ancestors.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Maha Yazawin Vol. 3 2006: 83
  2. ^ Hmannan Vol. 2 2003: 215
  3. ^ Harvey 1925: 157
  4. ^ Harvey 1925: 342

Bibliography[edit]

  • Kala, U (1724). Maha Yazawin (in Burmese) 1–3 (2006, 4th printing ed.). Yangon: Ya-Pyei Publishing. 
  • Harvey, G. E. (1925). History of Burma: From the Earliest Times to 10 March 1824. London: Frank Cass & Co. Ltd. 
  • Royal Historical Commission of Burma (1832). Hmannan Yazawin (in Burmese) 1–3 (2003 ed.). Yangon: Ministry of Information, Myanmar. 
Minkhaung of Prome
Born: c. 1510s Died: 1553
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Narapati
King of Prome
February 1539 – 19 May 1542
Succeeded by
Thado Dhamma Yaza I
as Viceroy of Prome