Minnesota State Highway 1

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Trunk Highway 1 marker

Trunk Highway 1
Route information
Maintained by Mn/DOT
Length: 345.954 mi[2] (556.759 km)
Existed: 1933[1] – present
Major junctions
West end: ND 54 at the Red River,
the Minnesota — North Dakota state line
 

US 75 at Warren
US 59 / MN 32 at Thief River Falls
MN 89 at Red Lake
US 71 / MN 46 at Northome
MN 38 at Effie
MN 65 at Togo
US 53 at Cook

MN 169 at Ely
East end: MN 61 at Illgen City
Location
Counties: Marshall, Pennington, Clearwater, Beltrami, Koochiching, Itasca,
Saint Louis, Lake
Highway system
  • Minnesota Trunk Highways
I-694 US 2

Minnesota State Highway 1 (MN 1) is a highway in northwest and northeast Minnesota, which runs from North Dakota Highway 54 at the North Dakota state line (at the Red River in Oslo) and continues east to its eastern terminus at its intersection with Minnesota Highway 61 at the unincorporated community of Illgen City in Beaver Bay Township on the North Shore of Lake Superior. At 346 miles (557 km) in length, Highway 1 is the longest state route in Minnesota.[1]

Route description[edit]

State Highway 1 serves as an east–west route between Oslo, Warren, Thief River Falls, Red Lake, Northome, Cook, Tower, Ely, and Beaver Bay Township.

The roadway passes through the following forests:

Intersection of Highways 1 and 169 in Ely

The route runs concurrent with State Highway 169 for 26 miles (42 km) from Vermilion Lake Township (west of Tower) to Ely.

State Highway 1 also runs concurrent with State Highway 89 for 28 miles (45 km) on the southwest side of Red Lake. This is the longest concurrency with another state highway within Minnesota.

History[edit]

Most of State Highway 1 was authorized in 1933,[3] except for a section between U.S. 75 and State Highway 32 at Thief River Falls which was part of Minnesota Constitutional Route 33 authorized in 1920.[1]

The route was given the Highway 1 designation because it was one of the longest trunk highways, and would allow re-use of the Route 1 markers removed from along U.S. 61 and U.S. 65 in 1934.[1]

When it was marked in 1934, it was only paved from U.S. 75 to Highway 32 and from Highway 169 to Ely.[4]

As recently as 1963, significant portions of Highway 1 were unpaved.

Highway 1 still had an unpaved segment in 1996, between U.S. 53 and State Highway 169 in northern Saint Louis County. At that point it was swapped with paved Saint Louis County Road 22.[1]

Major intersections[edit]

County Location mi[2][5] km Destinations Notes
Red River of the North 0.000 0.000 Continues as ND 54 west in North Dakota
Marshall Oak Park Township 1.554 2.501 MN 220 north – Robbin West end of MN 220 concurrency
Alvarado 6.555 10.549 MN 220 south – East Grand Forks East end of MN 220 concurrency
Warren 17.050 27.439 US 75 – Crookston, Winnipeg
Pennington Thief River Falls 44.457 71.547 US 59 north – Winnipeg West end of US 59 concurrency
45.771 73.661 MN 32 south / US 59 south – Red Lake Falls, Erskine, Mahnomen South end of MN 32 concurrency
East end of US 59 concurrency
46.118 74.220 MN 32 north – Greenbush North end of MN 32 concurrency
Goodridge Township 63.367 101.979 MN 219 north – Goodridge
Beltrami Red Lake Indian Reservation 89.331 143.764 MN 89 north – Grygla, Roseau North end of MN 89 concurrency
Clearwater
No major junctions
Beltrami Red Lake Indian Reservation 116.960 188.229 MN 89 south – Bemidji South end of MN 89 concurrency
Cormant Township 141.331 227.450 MN 72 south – Blackduck West end of MN 72 concurrency
Shooks 146.400 235.608 MN 72 north – Kelliher, Baudette East end of MN 72 concurrency
Koochiching Unorganized Territory of Northome 151.288 243.474 US 71 south – Bemidji South end of US 71 concurrency
Northome 154.276 248.283 US 71 north – International Falls North end of US 71 concurrency
154.564 248.747 MN 46 south – Deer River
Unorganized Territory of Northome 178.128 286.669 MN 6 north – Big Falls North end of MN 6 concurrency
Itasca Unorganized Territory of Effie 180.452 290.409 MN 6 south – Deer River South end of MN 6 concurrency
Effie 186.656 300.394 MN 38 south – Bigfork
Carpenter Township 211.369 340.165 MN 65 south – Nashwauk West end of MN 65 concurrency
215.424 346.691 MN 65 north – Littlefork East end of MN 65 concurrency
St. Louis Linden Grove 229.223 368.899 MN 73 – Chisholm, Hibbing, Orr
Field Township 236.245 380.199 US 53 north – International Falls North end of US 53 concurrency
Sherman Corner 244.377 393.287 US 53 south – Virginia South end of US 53 concurrency
Peyla 258.848 416.575 MN 169 south – Virginia West end of MN 169 concurrency
Tower 263.159 423.513 MN 135 south – Aurora
Ely 286.208 460.607 MN 169 north – Winton East end of MN 169 concurrency
Lake Illgen City 347.340 558.990 MN 61 / LSCT – Duluth, Thunder Bay
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Steve Riner (July 26, 2003). Details of Routes 1-25. Unofficial Minnesota Highways Page. Accessed August 27, 2004.
  2. ^ a b "Trunk Highway Log Point Listing - Construction District 1" (PDF). Minnesota Department of Transportation. September 4, 2009. Retrieved August 21, 2010. 
  3. ^ "Chapter 440-H.F. No. 2000", Session Laws of Minnesota for 1933 (Mike Holm, Secretary of State): 881–897 
  4. ^ 1934 Map of Trunk Highway System, State of Minnesota (Map). Minnesota Highway Department. May 1, 1934. Retrieved November 16, 2010. 
  5. ^ "Trunk Highway Log Point Listing - Construction District 2" (PDF). Minnesota Department of Transportation. September 4, 2009. Retrieved August 21, 2010. 

External links[edit]

Route map: Bing