Minor Arcana

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The Minor Arcana (or Lesser Arcana) are the 56 suit cards of the 78-card deck of tarot playing cards. The Minor Arcana comprise four suits with 14 cards each. Although there are variations, the Minor Arcana commonly employ the Italo-Spanish suits: Wands (alternatively, batons, clubs, or staves), cups, swords, and pentacles (alternatively, coins, disks, or rings). In contrast, the French suits are spades (♠), hearts (), diamonds () and clubs (♣).

Each Minor Arcana card in a suit is numbered one (ace) to ten, except for the court cards (or courts)—page, knight, queen, and king—which are comparable to face cards. In one variation, princess and prince cards replace the page and knight cards. Some Italian decks add two more court cards: the maid and the mounted lady. Since contemporary decks of French playing cards replace both the knight and the page with the jack or knave, such decks only have 52 cards. The remaining 22 cards in a tarot deck are the Major Arcana.

Minor Arcana cards in contemporary tarot decks are usually illustrated—a convention popularized by the Rider-Waite tarot deck ca. 1910. Non-illustrated cards bear symmetrical arrangements of pips.


In divinatory, esoteric and occult tarot, the Minor Arcana are believed to represent relatively mundane features of life. The court cards represent the people we meet.

Each suit also has distinctive characteristics and connotations currently thought to be as follows:

Latin suit[1] French suit Element Class Faculty
Wands / Batons / Clubs / Staves Clubs Fire Peasantry Creativity and will
Coins / Pentacles / Disks / Rings Diamonds Earth Merchants Material body or possessions
Cups (Chalices) Hearts Water Clergy Emotions and love
Swords Spades Air Nobility and military Reason

However, the original divinatory correspondences of the Latin and French suits as conceived by Etteilla for his decks which were followed by S.L. MacGregor Mathers (Golden Dawn Liber T) and A.E. Waite (Rider-Waite-Smith deck) were[2]

  • Cups = Hearts / Coeurs
  • Swords = Spades / Picques / Pikes
  • Batons / Wands = Clubs / Carreaux / Tiles
  • Coins / Pentacles = Diamonds / Trefles / Trefoils


The following cards are from the Rider-Waite tarot deck, the most popular tarot deck in the Anglosphere; they are divided by suit, and arranged in ascending order of face value.





See also[edit]


  1. ^ Dee, Jonathan (2002). "Introduction to the Minor Arcana". In Liz Dean. Tarot, An illustrated guide. Silverdale Books. ISBN 1-85605-685-6. 
  2. ^ Decker, R, Depaulis, T, Dummett, M, A Wicked Pack of Cards, chapter 4 "Etteilla: the First Professional", p. 93, St. Martin's Press, N.Y. 1996; Mathers, S.L.M The Tarot, p.11, 1888; Waite, A.E. A Manual of Cartomancy, pp:125-126, Rider, London, 1909

External links[edit]

Media related to Minor Arcana at Wikimedia Commons