Minsk Metro

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Minsk Underground
Мінскі метрапалітэн
Minski myetrapaliten
Минский метрополитен
Minskiy metropoliten
Background
Owner State ownership
Locale Minsk
Transit type Rapid transit
Number of lines 2[1]
Number of stations 28[1]
Operation
Began operation 1984[1]
Operator(s) "Minsky Metropoliten"
Number of vehicles 243
Technical
System length 35.4 km (22.0 mi)[1]
Track gauge 1,524 mm (5 ft)
System map

Minsk Metro Plan.PNG

Construction of Minsk metro
Belarusian National Motifs on Ploshchad Yakuba Kolasa

The Minsk Metro (Belarusian: Мінскае метро, Russian: Минский метрополитен) is a rapid-transit system that serves Minsk, the capital of Belarus. Opened in 1984,[1] it presently consists of 2 lines[1] and 28 stations,[1] totaling 35.42 kilometres (22.01 mi).[1] In 2005, it carried 800,000 passengers per day.[citation needed]

Lines and stations[edit]

# Name (Belarusian/Russian) Opened Length Stations
1 Moskovskaya (Маскоўская/Московская) 1984[1] 17.3 km[1] 14[1]
2 Avtozavodskaya (Аўтазаводская/Автозаводская) 1990[1] 18.1 km[1] 14[1]
Total 35.4 km[1] 28[1]

History[edit]

Pushkinskaya - a typical Soviet station

During the 1950s-1970s the population of the city soared over a million and designs for a rapid transit system were initially put up during the late 1960s. Construction began on 16 June 1977, and the system was opened to the public on 30 June 1984, becoming the ninth metro system in the Soviet Union. The original eight station section has since expanded into a two-line 28 station network with 35.4 kilometres of track.[1]

Despite the dissolution of the Soviet Union the construction of Minsk metro continued uninterrupted throughout the 1990s (as opposed to other ex-Soviet Metros like those of Yerevan and Samara, which were halted due to a complete lack of funding). Some experts attribute it to the slow reform of the Soviet planned economy in Belarus, which turned out to be beneficial for the metro expansion. Currently, station launch dates are ahead of original schedule. For example, the final phase of the Avtozavodskaya Line, originally planned for 2006, was opened in late 2005, and similarly the northern extension of the Moskovskaya Line, originally scheduled for 2008, opened on 7 November 2007.[2] There were also 3 new stations opened on the southern end of the Moskovskaya line in November 2012.

Timeline[edit]

Segment Date opened Line
Institut KulturyMoskovskaya June 26, 1984 Moskovskaya
MoskovskayaVostok December 30, 1986 Moskovskaya
Traktornyi ZavodFrunzenskaya December 31, 1990 Avtozavodskaya
Pervomaiskaya 1991 Avtozavodskaya
FrunzenskayaPushkinskaya July 3, 1995 Avtozavodskaya
Traktornyi ZavodAvtozavodskaya November 7, 1997 Avtozavodskaya
AvtozavodskayaMogilevskaya September 5, 2001 Avtozavodskaya
PushkinskayaKamennaya Gorka November 7, 2005 Avtozavodskaya
VostokUruchcha November 7, 2007 Moskovskaya
Institut KulturyPetrovshchina November 7, 2012 Moskovskaya
PetrovshchinaMalinovka TBD (Under construction) Moskovskaya

Operational characteristics[edit]

Uruchye - one of the recently opened stations

The city is located on an almost level surface and on very dry soils. As a result, although all of the Minsk Metro stations are under the surface, there are no deep-level stations that are found in most of the ex-Soviet cities. Out of the current 28 stations 18 are pillar-spans and 10 are of vaulted type. Like most of the Soviet metro systems, all of the stations are vividly decorated. Some (notably, Nyamiha/Nemiga) exhibit Belarusian national motifs, others focus on more Soviet socialist themes. Although recent years saw more priority on high-tech decorations.

Expansion plans[edit]

Proposed expansion plan, including a third line

At present, there are several projects, only one of which is under construction, the southwestern extension of the Moskovskaya line to the new residential districts in the south-west of the city. This project is almost complete, with 3 out of 4 stations opened November 2012, with Malinovka the final station, due to open November 2013. The Moskovskaya and Avtozavodskaya lines can potentially receive an extension on both ends of each line.

However, the major project after 2013 will be a third line running from the south to the north-east of the city via the centre, creating two new transfer points with the existing lines. The construction of the third line was expected to start in 2011, delayed to late 2013, and the first stage of the line is expected to open in 2020. This would follow a northern contour parallel to Moskovskaya, and relieve the extensive congestion in the city area, and then extend south of the city.

A fourth line is not expected to be built before 2020. It is expected to connect south-eastern parts of the city with the north-western residential areas.

Incidents[edit]

1999 stampede[edit]

On 30 May 1999, a sudden thunderstorm caused a large crowd, from a nearby rock concert, to seek shelter at the Niamiga station. The limited size of the subways leading into the ticket hall and the wet pavement caused a human crush. 53 people died.

2011 bombing[edit]

The Oktyabrskaya station was the site of a terrorist bombing on April 11th, 2011. 15 people were killed.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q "Структура Метрополитен" [Structure - Metro] (in Russian). государственное предприятие "Минсктранс". 2012. Retrieved 2013-09-16. 
  2. ^ "City News in Brief". Railway Gazette International. 11 December 2007. 

Coordinates: 53°53′41″N 27°32′53″E / 53.89472°N 27.54806°E / 53.89472; 27.54806