Minsk Metro

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Minsk Underground
Minsk metro logo.svg
Minsk-Metro-Uruch'e-05.jpg
Metro station Uručča
Overview
Native name
  • Мінскі метрапалітэн
  • Minski mietrapaliten
  • Минский метрополитен
  • Minskiy metropoliten
Owner State ownership
Locale Minsk, Belarus
Transit type Rapid transit
Number of lines 2[1]
Number of stations 29[1]
Daily ridership 899,450 (2013)
Annual ridership 328.3 million (2013)[2]
Operation
Began operation 29 March 1984[1]
Operator(s) Minski Metrapaliten
Number of vehicles 337[1]
Technical
System length 37.3 km (23.2 mi)[1]
Track gauge 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Construction of Minsk metro
Belarusian National Motifs on Płošča Jakuba Kołasa

The Minsk Metro (Belarusian: Мінскае метро, Russian: Минский метрополитен) is a rapid-transit system that serves Minsk, the capital of Belarus. Opened in 1984,[1] it presently consists of 2 lines[1] and 29 stations,[1] totaling 37.25 kilometres (23.15 mi).[1] In 2013, the system carried 328.3 million passengers,[2] which averages to a daily ridership of approximately 899,450.

Lines and stations[edit]

# Name (Belarusian/Russian) Opened Length Stations
1 Maskoŭskaja (Маскоўская/Московская) 1984[1] 19.1 km[1] 15[1]
2 Aŭtazavodskaja (Аўтазаводская/Автозаводская) 1990[1] 18.1 km[1] 14[1]
Total 37.3 km[1] 29[1]

History[edit]

Puškinskaja - a typical Soviet station

During the 1950s-1970s the population of the city soared over a million and designs for a rapid transit system were initially put up during the late 1960s. Construction began on 16 June 1977, and the system was opened to the public on June 29, 1984, becoming the ninth metro system in the Soviet Union. The original eight station section has since expanded into a two-line 29 station network with 37.25 kilometres (23.15 mi) of route.[1]

Despite the dissolution of the Soviet Union the construction of Minsk metro continued uninterrupted throughout the 1990s (as opposed to other ex-Soviet Metros like those of Yerevan and Samara, which were halted due to a complete lack of funding). Some experts attribute it to the slow reform of the Soviet planned economy in Belarus, which turned out to be beneficial for the metro expansion. Currently, station launch dates are ahead of original schedule. For example, the final phase of the Aŭtazavodskaja Line, originally planned for 2006, was opened in late 2005, and similarly the northern extension of the Maskoŭskaja Line, originally scheduled for 2008, opened on November 7, 2007.[3] There were also 3 new stations opened on the southern end of the Maskoŭskaja line in November 2012.

Timeline[edit]

Segment Date opened Line
Instytut KuĺturyMaskoŭskaja June 29, 1984 Maskoŭskaja
MaskoŭskajaUschod December 30, 1986 Maskoŭskaja
Traktarny zavodFrunzienskaja December 31, 1990 Aŭtazavodskaja
Pieršamajskaja 1991 Aŭtazavodskaja
FrunzienskajaPuškinskaja July 3, 1995 Aŭtazavodskaja
Traktarny zavodAŭtazavodskaja November 7, 1997 Aŭtazavodskaja
AŭtazavodskajaMahilioŭskaja September 5, 2001 Aŭtazavodskaja
PuškinskajaKamiennaja Horka November 7, 2005 Aŭtazavodskaja
UschodUručča November 7, 2007 Maskoŭskaja
Instytut KuĺturyPiatroŭščyna November 7, 2012 Maskoŭskaja
PiatroŭščynaMalinaŭka June 3, 2014 Maskoŭskaja

Operational characteristics[edit]

The city is located on an almost level surface and on very dry soils. As a result, although all of the Minsk Metro stations are under the surface, there are no deep-level stations that are found in most of the ex-Soviet cities.[4] Out of the current 29 stations[5] 19 are pillar-spans and 10 are of vaulted type. Like most of the Soviet metro systems, all of the stations are vividly decorated. Some (notably, Niamiha) exhibit Belarusian national motifs, others focus on more Soviet socialist themes. Although recent years saw more priority on high-tech decorations.

Expansion plans[edit]

Uručča - one of the recently opened stations
Proposed expansion plan, including a third line

At present, there are several projects, only one of which is under construction, the southwestern extension of the Maskoŭskaja line to the new residential districts in the south-west of the city. This project is fully complete, with 3 out of 4 stations opened November 2012, with Malinaŭka the final station, opened June 2014. The Maskoŭskaja and Aŭtazavodskaja lines can potentially receive an extension on both ends of each line.

However, the major project after 2013 will be a third line running from the south to the north-east of the city via the centre, creating two new transfer points with the existing lines. The construction of the third line was expected to start in 2011, delayed to late 2013, and the first stage of the line is expected to open in 2020. This would follow a northern contour parallel to Maskoŭskaja, and relieve the extensive congestion in the city area, and then extend south of the city.

A fourth line is not expected to be built before 2020. It is expected to connect south-eastern parts of the city with the north-western residential areas.

Incidents[edit]

1999 stampede[edit]

Main article: Niamiha disaster

On 30 May 1999, a sudden thunderstorm caused a large crowd, from a nearby rock concert, to seek shelter at the Niamiha station. The limited size of the subways leading into the ticket hall and the wet pavement caused a human crush. 53 people died.

2011 bombing[edit]

The Kastryčnickaja station was the site of a terrorist bombing on April 11th, 2011. 15 people were killed.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r "Структура Метрополитен" [Structure - Metro] (in Russian). государственное предприятие "Минсктранс". 2012. Retrieved 2014-06-04. 
  2. ^ a b "ОСНОВНЫЕ ТЕХНИКО-ЭКСПЛУАТАЦИОННЫЕ ХАРАКТЕРИСТИКИ МЕТРОПОЛИТЕНОВ ЗА 2013 ГОД." [Main technical and operational specifications for Subways for Year 2013.] (pdf). asmetro.ru (in Russian). Международная Ассоциация "Метро" [International Association of Metros]. 2013. p. 3. Retrieved 2014-05-13. 
  3. ^ "City News in Brief". Railway Gazette International. December 11, 2007. 
  4. ^ http://www.belarus.by/en/travel/transport-in-belarus/minsk-metro
  5. ^ http://www.belarus.by/en/travel/transport-in-belarus/minsk-metro

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 53°53′41″N 27°32′53″E / 53.89472°N 27.54806°E / 53.89472; 27.54806