Minster Lovell Hall

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Minster Lovell Hall

Minster Lovell Hall is a ruin in Minster Lovell, an English village in the Oxfordshire Cotswolds. The ruins are situated by the River Windrush.

History[edit]

Minster Lovell Hall was built by William Lovell around 1440.[1] As Minster Lovell was one of the earliest estates held by the Lovell family and one of their main residences it was at least the second building occupying this site.[2]

The Hall was a fairly typical if impressive manor house. The buildings surround three sides of a square; the fourth side towards the River Windrush was closed off by a wall. The great tower at the south-west corner seems to be a later addition to the house, as part of the adjoining west wing had to be rebuilt.[3]

Minster Lovell Hall remained the main residence of the Lovell family. Richard III visited it as a guest of Francis Lovell, 1st Viscount Lovell grandson of William Lovell.[4] Francis Lovell's estates were declared forfeit after the Battle of Bosworth and Minster Lovell was granted to Jasper Tudor, uncle of Henry VII.[5]

The property changed hands several times over the next two centuries.[6] Among the owners were Henry VIII's gentlemen of the stool, William Compton and Henry Norris.[7]

The property was bought in 1603 by Sir Edward Coke. The manor remained in the Coke family for several generations, and Thomas Coke, created Baron Lovel in 1728, abandoned Minster Lovell Hall in 1747.[8] Large parts of the buildings were dismantled.[9] By the early eighteenth century the ruins of Minster Lovell Hall were thought to have been the buildings of an alien priory.[10]

Legend[edit]

According to one report a skeleton was discovered in the basement of Minster Lovell Hall in 1718 and was thought to be that of Francis Lovell who had hidden there after the Battle of Stoke and had died of starvation.[11] Unfortunately, it seems unlikely this is the case. Francis Lovell spent little time in Minster Lovell and therefore would have no faithful servant there who could hide and feed him for years.

Today[edit]

Artist Simon Kozhin Minster Lovell Hall. 2002

The ruins of Minster Lovell Hall are quite extensive. The most prominent feature are the Hall with its ornamented entrance porch and the south west tower. A dovecote, probably also built in the fifteenth century, is also part of the site.

Minster Lovell Hall is now in the care of English Heritage.

References[edit]

  1. ^ A. J. Taylor, Minster Lovell Hall (1947), p. 2.
  2. ^ A. J. Taylor, Minster Lovell Hall (1958), pp. 16-18.
  3. ^ Taylor, (1947), p. 7.
  4. ^ J. Williams, 'The Political Career of Francis Viscount Lovell. 1456-?', The Ricardian 8 (1990), p. 389.
  5. ^ Calendar of Patent Rolls, 1485-1494, p. 64.
  6. ^ Taylor (1947), p. 2
  7. ^ E. W. Ives, 'Norris, Henry (b. before 1500, d. 1536)', Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, Sept 2004; online edn, Jan 2008 accessed 30 Oct 2008 - subscribers only
  8. ^ Simon Townley (Editor), Christina Colvin, Carol Cragoe, Veronica Ortenberg, R.B. Peberdy, Nesta Selwyn, Elizabeth Williamson (2006). "Minster Lovell: Manors and other estates". A History of the County of Oxford: Volume 15: Bampton Hundred (Part Three). Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 24 July 2011. 
  9. ^ Taylor (1958), p. 29.
  10. ^ Taylor (1958), p. 16
  11. ^ For the discovery at Minster Lovell see Notes and Queries, 2nd series i. and 5th series x; F. Peck, Memoirs of Oliver Cromwell, p. 87, cited after A.J. Taylor, (1958), p. 19.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°47′59″N 1°31′51″W / 51.79972°N 1.53083°W / 51.79972; -1.53083