|Mintimer Sharipovich Shaimiev
Mintimer Şərip uğlı Şəymiyev
Минтимер Шарипович Шаймиев
|1st, 2nd, and 3rd President of Tatarstan|
June 12, 1991 – March 25, 2010
|Succeeded by||Rustam Minnikhanov|
January 20, 1937 |
Anyakovo, Tatar ASSR, Soviet Union
|Political party||United Russia|
|Spouse(s)||Sakina Shakirovna Shaimieva|
Mintimer Şərip uğlı Şəymiyev (Tatar Cyrillic: Минтимер Шәрип улы Шәймиев, Latin: Mintimer Şərip uğlı Şəymiyev [ˌmintiˈmɘr ʃæˌripuˈlɯ ʃæɪˈmiəf]; Russian: Минтиме́р Шари́пович Шайми́ев) (born January 20, 1937) was the first to hold title of President of Tatarstan, a republic within Russia. He is an ethnic Tatar. He became President on June 12, 1991, and was re-elected three times, on March 24, 1996, on March 25, 2001, and on March 25, 2005.
Shaimiev was born in the village of Anyakovo, in Aktanyshsky District of the Tatar ASSR. He graduated from the Kazan Agricultural Institute in 1959, and worked as an agricultural engineer. He joined the Communist Party in 1963. In 1967 he was an instructor and deputy head of the agricultural department at Tatarstan's regional party organization. In 1969 Shaimiev was appointed Minister for Amelioration and Water Economy of his republic and in 1983 he became the first deputy chair of the Tatar Council of Ministers. In September 1989 Shaimiev became first secretary of Tatarstan's Communist Party organization. In the same year he was elected to the USSR Congress of Peoples's Deputies. In April 1990 he was elected speaker of Tatarstan's Supreme Soviet. On August 31, 1990, the Supreme Soviet proclaimed the sovereignty of Tatarstan. On June 12, 1991, Shaimiev was elected President of the Tatar Soviet Socialist Republic and as President issued a declaration during the attempted coup of August 1991 in Moscow supporting the position of the Emergency Committee. In March 1992 he held a referendum on Tatarstan's sovereignty during which 62 percent of the voters cast their ballots in favor of sovereignty. In 2001, he and Moscow's Mayor Yuri Luzhkov founded the United Russia party.
Saying that he wanted to make way for a new generation of leadership—in accordance with a call from President Dmitry Medvedev—Shaimiev told Medvedev in January 2010 that he did not want to be nominated for another term as President of Tatarstan. He said that Rustam Minnikhanov, the Prime Minister of Tatarstan, was his preferred successor. Medvedev then nominated Minnikhanov to succeed Shaimiev on January 27, 2010.
Honours and awards
- Order of Lenin (1966)
- Order of the October Revolution (1976)
- Order of the Red Banner of Labour (1971)
- Order of Friendship of Peoples (1987)
- Order of Merit for the Fatherland;
- 1st class (January 20, 2007) – for outstanding contribution to strengthening Russian statehood, and socio-economic development
- 2nd class (January 17, 1997) – for his great personal contribution to strengthening and development of Russian statehood, friendship and cooperation between nations
- 3rd class (February 6, 2010) – for outstanding contribution to the socio-economic development of the long and diligent work
- 4th class (January 14, 2014)
- PM pistol award (January 20, 2002)
- Sword inscribed "East" (a replica of Iranian sabre "Shamshir" of the 16th century)
- Diploma of the President of the Russian Federation (December 12, 2008) – for active participation in the drafting of the Constitution and a great contribution to the democratic foundations of the Russian Federation
- Order "For merits before Republic of Tatarstan" (2010)
- Order "Honor and Glory", 2nd class (Abkhazia, 2003) – for his significant contribution to strengthening peace and friendly relations in the Caucasus and the active help and support for Abkhazia
- Order of Holy Prince Daniel of Moscow, 1st class (Russian Orthodox Church, 1997)
- Order of St. Sergius, 1st class (Russian Orthodox Church, 2005)
- Breastplate of the Foreign Ministry of Russia "for contribution to international cooperation" (2007)
- Diploma of the Government of the Russian Federation (1997)
- State Prize for peace and progress of the First President of the Republic of Kazakhstan (2005)
- Honorary Citizen of Kazan (2005)
- Order of Honour "Al-Fahr", 1st class (June 2005)
- International Prize of King Faisal (Saudi Arabia) – "for his contribution to the revival of Islamic culture" (2007)
- Honorary Member of the Russian Academy of Arts
- Olympic Order (2008) – "for his outstanding contribution to the development of the Olympic movement."
- Order of Friendship, 1st class (Kazakhstan, 2010)
- co-spelled Mintimer Sharipovich Shaymiyev, Shaymiev, Shaymiyev and Shaeymiev, also Sharip uly instead of Sharipovich
- United Russia: Nine years later, Oleg Artyukov, Pravda.Ru, 2 December 2001.Retrieved January 12, 2010.
- Alexandra Odynova and Alexander Bratersky, "Tatarstan President Quits As Kremlin Revamps Regions", The St. Petersburg Times, Issue #1542, January 26, 2010.
- "Medvedev nominates Minnikhanov as new president of Tatarstan", ITAR-TASS, January 27, 2010.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mintimer Shaimiev.|
- (English) (Russian) (Tatar) Official website of Mintimer Shaimiev
|President of Tatarstan
June 12, 1991 – March 25, 2010
Salih bin Abdulrahman Al-Husayyin
|Winner of King Faisal International Prize
King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia
Yusuf bin Jasim bin Muhammad Al-Hidji