Minuscule 1281 (Gregory-Aland)

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Minuscule 1281
New Testament manuscript
Text Gospels
Date 10th century
Script Greek
Now at Fitzwilliam Museum
Size 26.3 cm by 19 cm
Type Byzantine text-type
Category none

Minuscule 1281 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), ε1019 (von Soden),[1][2] is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament written on parchment. Palaeographically it has been assigned to the 10th century. The manuscript has no complex contents.[3][4] Scrivener labelled it as 469e.[5]


The codex contains the text of the four Gospels, on 259 parchment leaves (size 26.3 cm by 19 cm), with some lacunae.[3] It lacks the beginning of Matthew, Mark, Luke, Luke 2:9-22; John 10:125-12:26; 13:4-21:25.[6] The text is written in one column per page, 19 lines per page.[3] It has decorated headpieces.[5]

The text is divided according to the κεφαλαια (chapters), whose numbers are given at the margin, with their τιτλοι (titles of chapters) at the top of the pages. There is also another division according to the smaller Ammonian Sections, with references to the Eusebian Canons.[6]

It contains the Epistula ad Carpianum, Eusebian Canon tables, tables of the κεφαλαια (tables of contents) before each Gospel, and Prolegomena.[5][6]


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type with some pre-Byzantine readings. Hermann von Soden classified it to the textual family Iκ, which text was established by Pamphilius in Caesarea.[7] Aland did not place it in any Category.[8]

According to the Claremont Profile Method it represents textual family Kx in Luke 1 and Luke 20. In Luke 10 no profile was made. It belongs to the textual cluster Ω.[7]


Scrivener dated the manuscript to the 11th or 12th century;[5] Gregory dated the manuscript to the 10th century.[6] The manuscript is currently dated by the INTF to the 10th century.[4]

It was added to the list of the New Testament manuscripts by F. H. A. Scrivener (469)[5] and C. R. Gregory (1281). Gregory saw the manuscript in 1886.[6]

It was brought by Alexander Cesnola from Cyprus. It was catalogued in Bernard Quaritch's Catalogue (March 1893).[6]

The manuscript is now housed at the Fitzwilliam Museum (Mc-Clean Collection?) in Cambridge.[3][4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Hermann von Soden, Die Schriften des neuen Testaments, in ihrer ältesten erreichbaren Textgestalt / hergestellt auf Grund ihrer Textgeschichte (Berlin 1902), vol. 1, p. 197
  2. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 74, 89. 
  3. ^ a b c d Aland, K.; M. Welte; B. Köster; K. Junack (1994). Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments. Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter. p. 121. ISBN 3-11-011986-2. 
  4. ^ a b c Handschriftenliste at the Münster Institute
  5. ^ a b c d e Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament 1 (4 ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 244. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments 1. Leipzig. p. 251. 
  7. ^ a b Wisse, Frederik (1982). The Profile Method for the Classification and Evaluation of Manuscript Evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 74. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4. 
  8. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 139. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 

Further reading[edit]

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