Minuscule 197

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Minuscule 197
New Testament manuscript
Text Matthew, Mark, James
Date 11th century
Script Greek
Now at Laurentian Library
Size 30.1 cm by 23.8 cm
Type Byzantine text-type
Category V
Note marginalia

Minuscule 197 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), A132 (Soden),[1] is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on parchment. Palaeographically it has been assigned to the 11th century.[2] The manuscript is lacunose. It has marginalia.


The codex contains the text of the Gospel of Matthew 24:3-28:20, Gospel of Mark and Epistle of James 2:10-4:15, with a commentary, on 154 parchment leaves (size 30.1 cm by 23.8 cm).[2][3] The text is written in one column per page, in 23 lines per page, in brown ink, the capital letters in red.[3]

The text is divided according to the κεφαλαια (chapters), whose numbers are given at the margin, and the τιτλοι (titles) at the top of the pages. There is also a division according to the Ammonian Sections, with references to the Eusebian Canons (written below Ammonian Section numbers).[3]

It contains prolegomena, tables of the κεφαλαια (tables of contents) before each Gospel, a commentary to Matthew is of Chrysostom's authorship, commentary to Mark is of Victor's authorship.[3][4]


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. Aland placed it in Category V.[5]


The manuscript was examined by Bandini, Birch, Scholz, and Burgon. C. R. Gregory saw it in 1886.[3]

It is currently housed at the Laurentian Library (Plutei. VIII. 14), at Florence.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 55. 
  2. ^ a b c K. Aland, M. Welte, B. Köster, K. Junack, "Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments", Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, New York 1994, p. 58.
  3. ^ a b c d e Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments. Leipzig: Hinrichs. p. 165. 
  4. ^ Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament 1 (4 ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 218. 
  5. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 138. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 

Further reading[edit]

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