Minuscule 225

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New Testament manuscripts
Minuscule 225
Text Gospels
Date 1192
Script Greek
Now at Biblioteca Nazionale Vittorio Emanuele III
Size 13.7 cm by 9.8 cm
Type Byzantine text-type
Category none
Note the Lord's Prayer has unusual ending

Minuscule 225 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), ε 1210 (Soden),[1] is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on parchment. It is dated by a colophon to the year 1192.[2] It was adapted for liturgical use.


The codex contains a complete text of the four Gospels, on 171 parchment leaves (size 13.7 cm by 9.8 cm).[2] The text is written in one column per page, 29 lines per page.[3]

It contains pictures, lectionary markings at the margin, lessons, synaxaria, and Menologion.[3][4]

The Pericope Adulterae (John 7:53-8:11) is placed after John 7:36.[5]


The Greek text of this codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. According to Hermann von Soden it represents the Antiocheian commentated text. Kurt Aland did not placed it in any Category.[6]

According to the Claremont Profile Method it has mixed Byzantine text in Luke 1. In Luke 10 and Luke 20 it belongs to the textual group 1167.[7]

In Matthew 6:13 it has an unusual ending of the Lord's Prayer:

ὅτι σοῦ ἐστιν ἡ βασιλεία καὶ ἡ δύναμις καὶ ἡ δόξα, τοῦ πατρὸς καὶ τοῦ υἱοῦ καὶ τοῦ ἁγίου πνεύματος εἰς τοὺς αἰῶνας. ἀμήν (For thine is the kingdom and the power and the glory, of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit for ever. Amen.)

This ending have only two other manuscripts: 157 and 418.

In John 8:10 it reads Ιησους ειδεν αυτην και along with Codex Nanianus, Codex Tischendorfianus III, f13, 700, 1077, 1443, Lectionary 185mg, Ethiopic mss. Majority of the manuscripts read: Ιησους και μηδενα θεασαμενος πλην της γυναικος or: Ιησους.[8]


The manuscript was examined by Treschow and Alter.[3] Alter used it in his edition of the Greek text of the New Testament. C. R. Gregory saw it in 1887.[3]

Formerly it was held at Vienna at the Imperial Library (Suppl. Gr. 102).[3]

It is currently housed at the Biblioteca Nazionale (Cod. Neapol. ex Vind. 9), at Naples.[2][9]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 56. 
  2. ^ a b c K. Aland, M. Welte, B. Köster, K. Junack, "Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments", Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, New York 1994, p. 60.
  3. ^ a b c d e Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments 1. Leipzig: Hinrichs. p. 169. 
  4. ^ Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament 1 (4 ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 221. 
  5. ^ NA26, p. 272.
  6. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. pp. 132, 138. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 
  7. ^ Wisse, Frederik (1982). The Profile Method for the Classification and Evaluation of Manuscript Evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 57. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4. 
  8. ^ NA26, p. 274; UBS3, p. 357
  9. ^ "Liste Handschriften". Münster: Institute for New Testament Textual Research. Retrieved 1 October 2012. 

Further reading[edit]

  • F. K. Alter, Novum Testamentum Graecum, ad Codicem Vindobonensem Graece expressum: Varietam Lectionis addidit Franciscus Carolus Alter, 2 vols. 8vo, Vienna, 1786-1787.

External links[edit]