Minuscule 230

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Minuscule 230
New Testament manuscript
Name Codex Escurialensis
Text Gospels
Date 1013
Script Greek
Now at Escurial
Size 21.8 cm by 17 cm
Type Caesarean text-type
Category III
Note member of f13

Minuscule 230 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), ε 173 (Soden),[1] is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on parchment. It is dated by a colophon to the year 1013.


The codex contains a complete text of the four Gospels, on 218 parchment leaves (size 21.8 cm by 17 cm).[2] The leaves are arranged in quarto (four leaves in quire).[3] The text is written in two columns per page, 24 lines per page.[2]

It contains the Epistula ad Carpianum, tables of the κεφαλαια (tables of contents) before each Gospel, synaxaria, Menologion, doubled Menologion, subscriptions at the end of each Gospel, with numbers of ρηματα, and numbers of στιχοι.[4]


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Caesarean text-type. Aland placed it in Category III.[5] The manuscript belongs to the textual family Ferrar Group (f13).

According to the Claremont Profile Method it represents textual group Λ in Luke 1, Luke 10, and Luke 20 (in Luke 20 very weak member).[6]


According to the colophon it was: Ετελειωθη η ιερα βιβλος αυτη μην οκτωβριω κθ, ημερα παρασκευη, ωρα θ, ετει ςφκβ. Ινδ. Ιβ. Γραφεν δια χειρος Λουκα μοναχου και ευτελους ιερεως. According to E. Miller this date correspond to 1014 A.D.[3] Actually it is deciphered as 1013 A.D.[2]

The manuscript was written by Luke, a monk and scribe.[4]

It was described by Moldenhawer, who collated it about 1783 for Birch.[7] It was briefly described by Emmanuel Miller in 1848.[3] Jacob Greelings examined the text of the Gospel of John.[8]

It is currently housed at the Escurial (Cod. Escurialensis, y. III. 5).[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 56. 
  2. ^ a b c d K. Aland, M. Welte, B. Köster, K. Junack, "Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments", Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, New York 1994, p. 60.
  3. ^ a b c Emmanuel Miller, Catalogue des manuscrits grecs de la bibliothèque de l'Escurial (Paris 1848), p. 280.
  4. ^ a b Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments 1. Leipzig: Hinrichs. p. 169. 
  5. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 129. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 
  6. ^ Wisse, Frederik (1982). The Profile Method for the Classification and Evaluation of Manuscript Evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 57. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4. 
  7. ^ Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament 1 (4 ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 222. 
  8. ^ J. Geerlings, Family 13 in John, S & D XXI.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]