Minuscule 2814

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New Testament manuscripts
Minuscule 2814
Text Book of Revelation
Date 12th century
Script Greek
Now at Augsburg University
Type Byzantine text-type
Category V

Minuscule 2814 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), Aν20 (Soden). Formerly it was labelled as 1rK in all catalogues,[1] but it was renumbered as a 2814 by Aland. It is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, dated palaeographically to the 12th century.[2]


The codex contains the Book of Revelation with a commentary of Andreas from Caesarea. Last six verses were lost (22:16-21). The text is written on a parchment in minuscule, in 1 column per page, 20 lines per page.[2]

The Greek text of the Gospels is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. Aland placed it in Category V.[3]

  • Rev 1:5
λυσαντι ημας εκ — P18, אc, A, C, 2020, 2081, 2814
λουσαντι ημας απο — P, 046, 94, 1006, 1859, 2042, 2065, 2073, 2138, 2432

History of the codex[edit]

This codex was chiefly used by Desiderius Erasmus as a basis for his first edition of the Novum Testamentum (1516). It was the only Greek manuscript of the Book of Revelation used by Erasmus.[4] Erasmus translated the missing last six verses from the Vulgate back to Greek for his editions. In result its readings and his translation became a basis for the Textus Receptus. Erasmus borrowed the manuscript from Reuchlin, but it was lost for many years until rediscovered in 1861 by Franz Delitzsch.[5]

The manuscript was included to a critical apparatus by Kurt Aland in his 25th edition of Novum Testamentum Graece (1963).[6]

The codex was located in Harburg (Öttingen-Wallersteinsche Bibliothek), and was transferred together with the whole library to the library of University of Augsburg (I, 1, 4 (0), 1).[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 48. 
  2. ^ a b c K. Aland, M. Welte, B. Köster, K. Junack, Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments, Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, New York 1994, p. 211.
  3. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 140. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 
  4. ^ W.W. Combs, Erasmus and the textus receptus, DBSJ 1 (Spring 1996), 45.
  5. ^ F. Delizsch, Handschriftliche Funde, Leipzig, 1861.
  6. ^ Michael W. Holmes, From Nestle to the `Editio Critica Maior`, in: The Bible as Book: The Transmission of the Greek Text, London 2003, p. 128. ISBN 0-7123-4727-5

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]