Minuscule 294

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Minuscule 294
New Testament manuscript
Text Gospels
Date 1391
Script Greek
Found 1676
Now at Bibliothèque nationale de France
Size 11.5 cm by 8.8 cm
Type Byzantine text-type
Category none
Note marginalia

Minuscule 294 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), ε 367 (Soden),[1] is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on parchment, dated by a colophon to the year 1391 (or 1291 – Scrivener, Gregory).[2] It has marginalia.


The codex contains the text of the four Gospels on 238 parchment leaves (11.5 cm by 8.8 cm), with some lacunae (Matthew 1:18-11:14). The text is written in one column per page, in 19-24 lines per page.[2]

The text is divided according to the κεφαλαια (chapters), whose numbers are given at the margin, and the τιτλοι (titles of chapters) at the top of the pages. There is also a division according to the Ammonian Sections (in Mark 234, the last in 16:9), with references to the Eusebian Canons (written below Ammonian Section numbers).[3]

It contains Prolegomena, lectionary markings at the margin for liturgical reading, and pictures.[3]

The manuscripts has the subscription:

το παρον τετραβαγγελον εκομισθει εκ της πατμω βιβλιοθηκης, παρ' εμου ιωσηφ γεωργειρηνη ταπεινου αρχιεπισκοπου σαμου και επεδωθει τω ευσεβεστατω και κραταιω βασιλει λοδοβικω τω μεγα εν ετουσ χυ αχος μαρτιου κε.[4]

The same subscription appears in the codex 279.[4]


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. Hermann von Soden classified it to the textual family Kx.[5] Kurt Aland the Greek text of the codex did not place in any Category.[6] According to the Claremont Profile Method it represents textual family Kx in Luke 1, Luke 10, and Luke 20. In the first part of Luke 20 it represents Πa.[5]


The manuscript was written by Peter, a monk, in Jerusalem. Georgirene brought it in 1676 from Patmos to Paris and gave it to Louis XIV.[3]

It was added to the list of New Testament manuscripts by Scholz (1794–1852).[7] It was examined and described by Paulin Martin.[8] C. R. Gregory saw it in 1885.[3]

The manuscript is currently housed at the Bibliothèque nationale de France (Gr. 118) at Paris.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 58. 
  2. ^ a b c Aland, K.; M. Welte; B. Köster; K. Junack (1994). Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments. Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter. p. 64. ISBN 3-11-011986-2. 
  3. ^ a b c d Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments 1. Leipzig: Hinrichs. p. 176–177. 
  4. ^ a b J. M. A. Scholz, Biblisch-kritische Reise in Frankreich, der Schweiz, Italien, Palästine und im Archipel in den Jahren 1818, 1819, 1820, 1821: Nebst einer Geschichte des Textes des Neuen Testaments (Leipzig, 1823), pp. 4-5.
  5. ^ a b Wisse, Frederik (1982). The profile method for the classification and evaluation of manuscript evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 58. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4. 
  6. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. pp. 132, 138. ISBN 0-8028-4098-1. 
  7. ^ Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament 1 (4 ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 225. 
  8. ^ Jean-Pierre-Paul Martin, Description technique des manuscrits grecs, relatifs au Nouveau Testament, conservés dans les bibliothèques de Paris (Paris 1883), p. 73

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]