Minuscule 344

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Minuscule 344
New Testament manuscript
Text Gospels
Date 10th century
Script Greek
Now at Biblioteca Ambrosiana
Cite Scholz, Biblisch-kritische Reise (1823)
Size 16.4 cm by 12.1 cm
Type Byzantine text-type
Category V
Note marginalia

Minuscule 344 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), ε 1007 (Soden),[1] is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on parchment. Paleographically it has been assigned to the 10th century.[2] It has marginalia.


The codex contains the text of the four Gospels on 327 parchment leaves (16.4 cm by 12.1 cm)[2] with lacunae (Luke 13:21-16:23; 21:12-27; 22:12-23; 23:45-John 21:12). The lacking texts were supplied in the 16th century on paper.[3] It is written in one column per page, in 19 lines per page.[2]

The text is divided according to the κεφαλαια (chapters), whose numbers are given at the margin, with their τιτλοι (titles of chapters) at the top. There is also a division according to the Ammonian Sections (in Mark 237 Sections, the last in 16:14), without references to the Eusebian Canons (written below Ammonian Section numbers).[3]

It contains the Epistula ad Carpianum (added later), tables of the κεφαλαια (tables of contents) before each Gospel, Synaxarion (later hand), and subscriptions at the end of each Gospel.[3]


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. Aland placed it in Category V.[4] According to the Claremont Profile Method it represents the textual family Kx in Luke 1 and Luke 20, and belongs to the textual cluster Ω. In Luke 10 no profile was made.[5]

It does not contain the text of Matthew 16:2b–3 (signs of the times) and John 21:25.[3]


The manuscript was examined by Scholz (Matthew and John) and Burgon. It was added to the list of New Testament manuscripts by Scholz (1794-1852).[6] C. R. Gregory saw it in 1886.[3]

The manuscript is currently housed at the Biblioteca Ambrosiana (G. 16 sup.) in Milan.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 60. 
  2. ^ a b c d Aland, K.; M. Welte; B. Köster; K. Junack (1994). Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments. Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter. p. 67. ISBN 3-11-011986-2. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments 1. Leipzig: Hinrichs. p. 181. 
  4. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 138. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 
  5. ^ Wisse, Frederik (1982). The profile method for the classification and evaluation of manuscript evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 59. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4. 
  6. ^ Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament 1 (4 ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 225. 

Further reading[edit]

  • J. M. A. Scholz, Biblisch-kritische Reise (Leipzig, 1822), p. 70-73.

External links[edit]