Minuscule 412

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
New Testament manuscripts
Minuscule 412
Text Gospels
Date 1301
Script Greek
Now at Biblioteca Marciana
Size 17.7 cm by 13 cm
Type Byzantine text-type
Category V
Note marginalia

Minuscule 412 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), ε 419 (in Soden's numbering),[1] is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on parchment. It is dated by a colophon to the year 1301.[2] It has marginalia.


The codex contains a complete text of the four Gospels on 329 parchment leaves (17.7 cm by 13 cm). The text is written in one column per page, in 22 lines per page.[2]

The text is divided according to the κεφαλαια (chapters), whose numbers are given at the margin, and their τιτλοι (titles) at the top of the pages. There is also a division according to the Ammonian Sections (in Mark 241 Sections, the last in 16:9), with references to the Eusebian Canons (written below Ammonian Section numbers).[3]

It contains the Epistula ad Carpianum, Eusebian Canon tables, Prolegomena, tables of the κεφαλαια (tables of contents) before each Gospel, Synaxarion, Menologion, and numbers of στιχοι.[3]

John 1:1-14 was supplied by a later hand.[3]


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. Aland placed it in Category V.[4] According to the Claremont Profile Method it represents textual family Kx in Luke 1, Luke 10, and Luke 20. It belongs also to the cluster 1394.[5]

According to Gregory its text is similar to the manuscripts 483 and 484.[3]


The manuscript was written by Theodoros Hagiopetrites (as codex 74), a scribe.[3] Wiedmann and J. G. J. Braun collated some portions of the manuscript for Scholz (1794-1852).[6] The manuscript was added to the list of New Testament manuscripts by Scholz.[7] C. R. Gregory saw it in 1886.[3]

The manuscript is currently housed at the Biblioteca Marciana (Gr. I. 19) in Venice.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 63. 
  2. ^ a b c Aland, K.; M. Welte, B. Köster, K. Junack (1994). Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments. Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter. p. 71. ISBN 3-11-011986-2. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments 1. Leipzig: Hinrichs. p. 187. 
  4. ^ Aland, Kurt; Barbara Aland; Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.) (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 139. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 
  5. ^ Wisse, Frederik (1982). The profile method for the classification and evaluation of manuscript evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 60. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4. 
  6. ^ Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament 1 (4 ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 236. 
  7. ^ Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament 1. London. p. 225. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]