Minuscule 422

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New Testament manuscripts
Minuscule 422
Text Gospels
Date 11th century
Script Greek
Now at Bavarian State Library
Size 23.8 cm by 16.8 cm
Type Byzantine text-type
Category V
Note full marginalia

Minuscule 422 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), ε 186 (in the Soden numbering),[1] is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on parchment. Palaeographically it has been assigned to the 11th century.[2] The marginal equipment is full.


The codex contains a complete text of the four Gospels on 256 parchment leaves (23.8 cm by 16.8 cm). It is written in two columns per page, in 28 lines per page.[2] The manuscript was written by an ignorant scribe, who made many errors.[3]

The text is divided according to the κεφαλαια (chapters), whose numbers are given at the margin, and their τιτλοι (titles) at the top of the pages. There is also a division according to the smaller Ammonian Sections (in Mark 240 Sections, the last in 16:19), with references to the Eusebian Canons (partially).[4]

It contains the Epistula ad Carpianum, Prolegomena, tables of the κεφαλαια (tables of contents) before each Gospel, Synaxarion, Menologion, subscriptions at the end of each Gospel, and numbers στιχοι.[4] Lectionary markings at the margin were added by a later hand.[3]


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. Aland placed it in Category V.[5] According to the Claremont Profile Method it represents textual family Kx in Luke 10 and Luke 20. In Luke 1 it has a mixture of the Byzantine text-families.[6]


The manuscript was added to the list of New Testament manuscripts by Scholz (1794–1852).[7] It was examined by Dean Burgon in 1873. C. R. Gregory saw it in 1887.[4]

The manuscript is currently housed at the Bavarian State Library (Gr. 210) in Munich.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 63. 
  2. ^ a b c Aland, Kurt; M. Welte; B. Köster; K. Junack (1994). Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments. Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter. p. 72. ISBN 3-11-011986-2. 
  3. ^ a b Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament 1 (4 ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 237. 
  4. ^ a b c Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments 1. Leipzig: Hinrichs. p. 188. 
  5. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 139. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 
  6. ^ Wisse, Frederik (1982). The profile method for the classification and evaluation of manuscript evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 60. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4. 
  7. ^ Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament 1. London: George Bell & Sons. p. 225. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]