Minuscule 427

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Minuscule 427
New Testament manuscript
Folio 1 recto
Folio 1 recto
Name Monacensis 465
Text Luke, Mark
Date 13th century
Script Greek
Now at Bavarian State Library
Size 25.8 cm by 20.7 cm
Type mixed / Byzantine
Category none
Note marginalia

Minuscule 427 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), Θε305 (in the Soden numbering),[1] is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament on parchment. Palaeographically, it has been assigned to the 13th century.[2] It has marginalia.


The codex contains the text of the Gospel of Luke and Gospel of Mark on 140 parchment leaves (25.8 cm by 20.7 cm). It is written in one column and 34 lines per page.[2]

The text is divided according to the Ammonian Sections (in Mark 240 Sections, the last in 16:20), whose numbers are given at the margin. There are no references to the Eusebian Canons.[3]

It contains lectionary markings at the margin (for liturgical use) and subscriptions at the end of each Gospel, with numbers of ρηματα (in Luke), numbers of στιχοι (in Luke), and a commentary of Theophylact in Luke and Mark.[3]


The Greek text of the codex is predominantly mixed with the Byzantine element. Kurt Aland did not place it in any Category.[4] According to the Claremont Profile Method it represents textual family Kx in Luke 10. In Luke 1 it has mixed text, in Luke 20 it has mixture of the Byzantine text-types.[5]


The manuscript was written by one Maurus. It was added to the list of New Testament manuscripts by Scholz.[6] C. R. Gregory saw it in 1887.[3]

It was digitized by the CSNTM.

Formerly the manuscript was held in Augsburg. It is currently housed at the Bavarian State Library (Gr. 465) in Munich.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 63. 
  2. ^ a b c Aland, Kurt; M. Welte; B. Köster; K. Junack (1994). Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments. Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter. p. 72. ISBN 3-11-011986-2. 
  3. ^ a b c Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments 1. Leipzig: Hinrichs. p. 189. 
  4. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 139. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 
  5. ^ Wisse, Frederik (1982). The profile method for the classification and evaluation of manuscript evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 60. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4. 
  6. ^ Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament 1 (4 ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 225. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]