Minuscule 434

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New Testament manuscripts
Minuscule 434
Name Vindobonensis
Text Gospel of Luke 1:5-6:21
Date 13th century
Script Greek
Now at Austrian National Library
Size 30 cm by 19.8 cm
Category none

Minuscule 434 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), Νλ48 (in the Soden numbering),[1] is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on parchment. Palaeographically it has been assigned to the 13th century.[2]


The codex contains only the text of the Gospel of Luke 1:5-6:21 on 424 parchment leaves (30 cm by 19.8 cm) with a catena. It is written in one column per page, in 28-30 lines per page.[2][3]

Aland did not place the Greek text of the codex in any Category.[4] It was not examined by the Claremont Profile Method.[5]


F. H. A. Scrivener and C. R. Gregory dated the manuscript to the 14th century.[3] Currently it is dated by the INTF to the 13th century.[2]

The manuscript was brought from Constantinople by Busbecq (together with the codex 218).[6] It was examined by Birch and Scholz.[3] The manuscript was added to the list of New Testament manuscripts by Scholz (1794–1852).[7] C. R. Gregory saw it in 1887.[3]

It is currently housed at the Austrian National Library (Theol. gr. 71) in Vienna.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 63. 
  2. ^ a b c d Aland, K.; M. Welte; B. Köster; K. Junack (1994). Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments. Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter. p. 73. ISBN 3-11-011986-2. 
  3. ^ a b c d Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments 1. Leipzig: Hinrichs. p. 189. 
  4. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 139. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 
  5. ^ Wisse, Frederik (1982). The Profile Method for the Classification and Evaluation of Manuscript Evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 60. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4. 
  6. ^ Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament 1. London: George Bell & Sons. p. 238. 
  7. ^ Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1861). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament 1. London: George Bell & Sons. p. 225. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]