Minuscule 440

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Minuscule 440
New Testament manuscript
Text New Testament (except Rev.)
Date 12th century
Script Greek
Now at Cambridge University Library
Size 19 cm by 14 cm
Type Western text-type (in Acts)
Category none
Note marginalia

Minuscule 440 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), δ 260 (in the Soden numbering),[1] is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on parchment. Palaeographically it has been assigned to the 12th century.[2] The marginal equipment is almost complete.


The codex contains a complete text of the New Testament except Book of Revelation on 294 parchment leaves (19 cm by 14 cm) with only one lacunae. It is written in one column per page, in 28-30 lines per page.[2]

The text is divided according to the κεφαλαια (chapters), whose numbers are given at the margin, and their τιτλοι (titles of chapters) at the top of the pages. There is also a division according to the Ammonian Sections (in Mark 240 Sections, the last in 16:19), without references to the Eusebian Canons.[3]

It contains the Eusebian Canon tables, pictures, lectionary equipment at the margin, Prolegomena to Catholic and Pauline epistles, and subscriptions in Paul.[4] The Synaxarion, Menologion were added by a later hand.[3]

The order of books: Gospels, Acts, Catholic epistles, and Pauline epistles.[3]


The Greek text of the codex is a mixture of text-types. In Book of Acts it is a representative of the Western text-type.[5] Kurt Aland did not place it in any Category.[6] According to the Claremont Profile Method it represents the textual family Kx in Luke 1 and Luke 20. In Luke 10 it has a mixture of Byzantine families. It has some relationship to Π groups.[7]

It has some unique readings.[3]

1 Corinthians 2:14 it reads πνευματος (omit του θεου) along with 2, 216, 255, 330, 451, 823, 1827, and syrp.[8]


The manuscript once belonged to Bishop Moore (together with the codex 60), who gave it in 1715 to the library.[3] It was examined by Bentley, Mill, and Griesbach. The manuscript was added to the list of New Testament manuscripts by Scholz (1794-1852).[9] C. R. Gregory saw it in 1883.[3]

The codex is cited in critical editions of the Greek New Testament (NA26).[10]

It is currently housed at the Cambridge University Library (Mm. 6.9) in Cambridge.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 64. 
  2. ^ a b c Aland, Kurt; M. Welte; B. Köster; K. Junack (1994). Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments. Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter. p. 73. ISBN 3-11-011986-2. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments 1. Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs. p. 190. 
  4. ^ Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894 (2005 reprint)). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament 1 (4 ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 239.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  5. ^ David Alan Black, New Testament Textual Criticism, Baker Books, 2006, p. 65.
  6. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 139. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 
  7. ^ Wisse, Frederik (1982). The Profile Method for the classification and evaluation of manuscript evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 60. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4. 
  8. ^ UBS3, p. 583.
  9. ^ Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (2005) [1894]. A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament 1. London. p. 225. 
  10. ^ NA26, p. 705.

Further reading[edit]

  • F. H. A. Scrivener, An Exact Transcript of the Codex Augiensis (Cambridge and London, 1859), pp. 35–38.

External links[edit]