Minuscule 448

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Minuscule 448
New Testament manuscript
Folio 4, beginning of the Gospel of Matthew
Folio 4, beginning of the Gospel of Matthew
Text Gospels
Date 1478
Script Greek
Now at British Library
Size 31.2 cm by 21.5 cm
Type Byzantine text-type
Category V
Note marginalia

Minuscule 448 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), ε 509 (in the Soden numbering),[1] is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on parchment. It is dated by a colophon to the year 1478.[2] It has marginalia.


The codex contains a complete text of the four Gospels on 299 parchment leaves (31.2 cm by 21.5 cm). The text is written in one column per page, in 22 lines per page.[2]

The text is divided according to the κεφαλαια (chapters) whose numerals are given at the margin, and the τιτλοι (titles of chapters) at the top of the pages.[3]

It contains lists of the κεφαλαια (tables of contents) before each Gospel, subscriptions at the end of each Gospel, and very beautiful pictures.[3][4] It is clearly but unskilfully written.[4]


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. Hermann von Soden classified it to the Antiocheian (i.e. Byzantine) commentated text.[5] Aland placed it in Category V.[6] According to the Claremont Profile Method it represents the textual family Kx in Luke 1 and Luke 20. It belongs also to the textual cluster 183. In Luke 10 no profile was made.[5]


According to the colophon it was written in Rome, April 25, 1478 by Joannes Rhosos of Crete for Francis Gonzaga Cardinal of St. Maria Nuova. There is a note that Rhosos also wrote the Vatican Homer in 1477 for Cardinal Gonazaga. Then it belonged to Giovanni Pietro Arrivabene.[4] Nathaniel Noel purchased it for the Harleian Library between 20 January between 1721 and 1722.[7]

The manuscript was added to the list of New Testament manuscripts by Scholz (1794–1852).[8] It was examined by Scholz (only Mark 5). C. R. Gregory saw it in 1883.[3]

It is currently housed at the British Library (Harley 5790) in London.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 64. 
  2. ^ a b c Aland, K.; M. Welte; B. Köster; K. Junack (1994). Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments. Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter. p. 74. ISBN 3-11-011986-2. 
  3. ^ a b c Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments 1. Leipzig. p. 191. 
  4. ^ a b c Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894 (2005 reprint)). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament 1 (4 ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 239.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  5. ^ a b Wisse, Frederik (1982). The Profile Method for the Classification and Evaluation of Manuscript Evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 60. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4. 
  6. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 139. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 
  7. ^ Harleian 5790 at the British Library
  8. ^ Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose (2005) [1894]. A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament 1. London. p. 225. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Cyril Ernest Wright, Manuscripts of Italian Provenance in the Harleian Collection in the British Museum: Their Sources, Associations and Channels of Acquisition, in Cultural Aspects of the Italian Renaissance. Essays in Honour of Paul Oskar Kristeller, ed. by C. H. Clough (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1976), pp. 462–84 (p. 474).
  • Repertorium der griechischen Kopisten 800-1600, ed. by Ernst Gamillscheg and Dieter Harlfinger, Veröffentlichungen der Kommission für Byzantinistik, 3-1, ed. by Herbert Hunger (Vienna: Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1981- ), I: Handschriften aus Bibliotheken Grossbritanniens, 3 vols, I, no. 178.

External links[edit]