Minuscule 475

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New Testament manuscripts
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Minuscule 475
Text Gospels
Date 11th century
Script Greek
Now at Lambeth Palace
Size 20.4 cm by 15.5 cm
Type Byzantine text-type
Category V
Hand beautifully written
Note marginalia

Minuscule 475 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), α 138 (in the Soden numbering),[1] is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on parchment. Palaeographically it has been assigned to the 11th century. Scrivener labelled it by number 515. It has full marginalia.

Description[edit]

The codex contains the text of the Gospels on 272 parchment leaves (size 20.4 cm by 15.5 cm),[2] with some lacunae (John 16:8-22). Other lacunae (Mark 3:6-21; Luke 12:48-12:2; John 18:27-21:25) were supplied on coarse cotton paper by a rude and later hand,[3] perhaps from 14th or 15th century. According to Scrivener the supplied texts were very carelessly written.[4] The text is written in one column per page, 21-24 lines per page.[2]

The text is divided according to the κεφαλαια (chapters), whose numbers are given at the margin, and the τιτλοι (titles of chapters) at the margin. There is also a division according to the Ammonian Sections (in Mark 233 Sections – the last section 16:8), with references to the Eusebian Canons (written below Ammonian section numbers).[3]

The capital letters and Ammonian Section numbers are in red, references to the Eusebian Canons in blue or green.[4]

It contains tables of the κεφαλαια (tables of contents) before three of the Gospels (those of Matthew were lost),[4] lectionary markings at the margin (for liturgical use), versification, and pictures.[3][5] It is beautifully written but tampered by a later hand.[5]

There is no iota subscriptum, but iota adscriptum occurs 21 times.[4] In Luke 19:39 and Luke 22:70 occurs grammar form ειπαν.[4] Fragments supplied by a later hand contain more itacisms than the manuscript itself.[4] It has N ephelkystikon.[4]

Text[edit]

The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. Hermann von Soden classified it to the textual family Kx.[6] Aland placed it in Category V.[7]

According to the Claremont Profile Method it represents textual family Kx in Luke 1. In Luke 10 and Luke 20 it belongs to the textual cluster 475.[6]

In Luke 19-20 it has very good text, very close to the codex Sangallensis, and other old Uncials.[5][3]

It has some rare readings in Matthew 1:20; 27:33; Mark 10:17; 15:7; Luke 1:34; 14:12.22.27; 15:7; 16:2; 18:6.39; 19:2.46; 20:3.4.12.24.25.28.31.38.47; 21:22.27; 22:17.46.47.56.68; 23:27.38.53; John 6:58.70; 10:23.[8]

History[edit]

F. H. A. Scrivener dated the manuscript to the 13th century, C. R. Gregory dated it to the 11th century.[3] Currently it is dated by the INTF to the 11th century.[2]

The manuscript was once in Constantinople. It was brought from the East to England by Carlyle (1759-1804), professor of Arabic, from Syria, along with the manuscripts 470, 471, 472, 473, 474, 488.[5]

The manuscript was examined by J. Farrer in 1804, Bloomfield, Scrivener, and Gregory. Scrivener collated and published its text in 1852.[3] The manuscript was added to the list of New Testament manuscripts by Scrivener (515)[5] and Gregory (475). Gregory saw it in 1883.[3]

It is currently housed at the Lambeth Palace (1192) in London.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 65. 
  2. ^ a b c d Aland, Kurt; M. Welte; B. Köster; K. Junack (1994). Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments. Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter. p. 75. ISBN 3-11-011986-2. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments 1. Leipzig: Hinrichs. p. 193. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g F. H. A. Scrivener, A Full and Exact Collation of About 20 Greek Manuscripts of the Holy Gospels (Cambridge and London, 1852), p. XXXV.
  5. ^ a b c d e Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament 1. London: George Bell & Sons. p. 249. 
  6. ^ a b Wisse, Frederik (1982). The Profile Method for the Classification and Evaluation of Manuscript Evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 61. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4. 
  7. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 139. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 
  8. ^ F. H. A. Scrivener, A Full and Exact Collation of About 20 Greek Manuscripts of the Holy Gospels (Cambridge and London, 1852), pp. XXXV-XXXVI. (as f)

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]