Minuscule 508

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Minuscule 508
New Testament manuscript
Text Gospels
Date 13th-century
Script Greek
Now at Christ Church, Oxford
Size 26.6 cm by 18.5 cm
Type Byzantine text-type
Category none
Hand wretched hand
Note bad condition
full marginalia

Minuscule 508 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), ε 431 (in the Soden numbering),[1] is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on parchment. Palaeographically it has been assigned to the 13th-century.[2] Scrivener labelled it by number 494. It was adapted for liturgical use. The manuscript is lacunose.


The codex contains the text of the four Gospels on 168 parchment leaves (size 26.6 cm by 18.5 cm) with some lacunae (Matthew 1:1-23; 5:26-6:23; Luke 24:9-28; John 3:14-4:1; 15:9-16:6; 19:31-21:25). The text is written in one column per page, 24-27 lines per page.[3]

The text is divided according to the κεφαλαια (chapters), whose numbers are given at the margin, and their τιτλοι (titles of chapters) at the top of the pages. There is also a division according to the smaller Ammonian Sections (in Mark 241 Sections, the last section in 16:9b), (no references to the Eusebian Canons).[4]

It contains the tables of the κεφαλαια (tables of contents) before each Gospel, lectionary markings at the margin (for liturgical use), incipits, and subscriptions – with numbers of στιχοι – at the end of each Gospel.[4] It was written in wretched hand, the manuscript has survived in bad condition.[3]


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type with some alien readings. Aland did not place it in any Category.[5] According to the Claremont Profile Method it represents textual family Kx in Luke 20, mixed Byzantine text in Luke 10, and mixed text in Luke 1. It has some relationship to M groups.[6]


The manuscript came from Constantinople to England about 1731, and was presented to archbishop of Canterbury, William Wake, together with minuscules 73, 74, 506-520. Wake presented it to the Christ Church College in Oxford.[4]

The manuscript was added to the list of New Testament minuscule manuscripts by F. H. A. Scrivener (494) and C. R. Gregory (508).[3] Gregory saw it in 1883.[4]

It is currently housed at the Christ Church (Wake 22) in Oxford.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 66. 
  2. ^ a b Aland, K.; M. Welte; B. Köster; K. Junack (1994). Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments. Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter. p. 77. ISBN 3-11-011986-2. 
  3. ^ a b c Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament 1 (4 ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. pp. 246–247. 
  4. ^ a b c d Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testamentes 1. Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs. p. 197. 
  5. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 139. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 
  6. ^ Wisse, Frederik (1982). The Profile Method for the Classification and Evaluation of Manuscript Evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 62. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4. 

Further reading[edit]

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