Minuscule 523

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Minuscule 523
New Testament manuscript
Name Liber Canonicus 36
Text Gospels
Date 14th century
Script Greek
Now at Bodleian Library
Size 25.5 cm by 19 cm
Type Byzantine text-type
Category V
Note full marginalia

Minuscule 523 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), ε 145 (in the Soden numbering),[1] is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on a parchment. Palaeographically it has been assigned to the 14th century.[2] Scrivener labelled it by number 489. It was adapted for liturgical use, with full marginalia.


The codex contains the complete text of the four Gospels on 270 parchment leaves (size 25.5 cm by 19 cm). It is written in one column per page, 22 lines per page.[2]

The text is divided according to the κεφαλαια (chapters), whose numbers are given at the margin, and their τιτλοι (titles of chapters) at the top of the pages. There is also a division according to the Ammonian Sections, with references to the Eusebian Canons.[3]

The tables of the κεφαλαια (tables of contents) are placed before every Gospel, it contains lectionary markings at the margin (for liturgical use), incipits, αναγνωσεις (lessons), Synaxarion, Menologion, and pictures.[3][4]

It lacks the Pericope Adulterae (John 7:53-8:11).[3]


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. Hermann von Soden classified it to the textual family Kx.[5] Aland placed it in Category V.[6]

According to the Claremont Profile Method it represents textual family Kx in Luke 1 and Luke 20. In Luke 10 no profile was made.[5]


The manuscript once belonged to M. Aloys. Canonici, together with the manuscripts 522, 524, and 525, then to Bandinelli from Venice, and in 1817 was acquired by the Bodleian Library.[3]

The manuscript was added to the list of New Testament minuscule manuscripts by Scrivener (489) and Gregory (523).[4] Gregory saw it in 1883.[3]

It is currently housed at the Bodleian Library (Canon. Gr. 36) in Oxford.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 67. 
  2. ^ a b c Aland, K.; M. Welte; B. Köster; K. Junack (1994). Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments. Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter. p. 78. ISBN 3-11-011986-2. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments 1. Leipzig. p. 199. 
  4. ^ a b Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament, vol. 1 (4 ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 246. 
  5. ^ a b Wisse, Frederik (1982). The Profile Method for the Classification and Evaluation of Manuscript Evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 62. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4. 
  6. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 139. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 

Further reading[edit]

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