Minuscule 640

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Minuscule 640
New Testament manuscript
Text Epistle of James 1:1-23
Date 11th century
Script Greek
Now at British Library
Size 24.3 cm by 19.6 cm
Type Byzantine text-type
Category V
Hand very minute
Note wonderful beauty

Minuscule 640 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), Οπρ 262 (von Soden),[1] is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on parchment. Palaeographically to the 11th century. The manuscript is very fragmentary.[2] Scrivener labeled it by 230a, Gregory by 203a.[3]


The codex contains the text of the Epistle of James 1:1-23 on 2 parchment leaves (size 24.3 cm by 19.6 cm). The text is written in one column per page, 17 lines per page for biblical text, and 37-45 lines per page for a commentary.[2] The manuscript is of wonderful beauty.[3]

It contains the illuminated head-pieces, the κεφαλαια at the top of the pages, with a commentary on three sides of the text in a very minute hand.[3][4]


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. Kurt Aland placed it in Category V.[5]


The manuscript is dated by the INTF to the 11th century.[6]

The manuscript was presented by Harris from Alexandria to the British Museum.[3] The manuscript was added to the list of New Testament manuscripts by Scrivener (230a) and Gregory (203a). Gregory saw the manuscript in 1883.[4] In 1908 Gregory gave the number 640 to it.[1]

The manuscript currently is housed at the British Library (Additional Manuscripts 19392a), at London.[2][6]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 70. 
  2. ^ a b c K. Aland, M. Welte, B. Köster, K. Junack, "Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments", Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, New York 1994, p. 85.
  3. ^ a b c d Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament, vol. 1 (4 ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 300. 
  4. ^ a b Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments, Vol. 1. Leipzig. p. 280. 
  5. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 139. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 
  6. ^ a b Handschriftenliste at the Münster Institute

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]