Minuscule 688

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New Testament manuscripts
Minuscule 688
Text Gospels
Date June 1179
Script Greek
Now at British Library
Size 24.2 cm by 19.3 cm
Type Byzantine text-type
Category V

Minuscule 688 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), ε246 (von Soden),[1][2] is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on parchment. It is dated by a colophon to the year 1179. The manuscript has complex contents.[3][4] Scrivener labelled it by 592e.[5]


The codex contains the text of the four Gospels, on 226 parchment leaves (size 24.2 cm by 19.3 cm),[3] in 24 quires.[5] The text is written in two columns per page, 24 lines per page.[3][6]

It contains Synaxarion, Prolegomena, the tables of the κεφαλαια (contents) are placed before each Gospel, numbers of the κεφαλαια (chapters) are given at the left margin, the τιτλοι (titles) at the top, the Ammonian Sections (Mark 242, the last section in 16:20), without a references to the Eusebian Canons, lectionary markings, and pictures.[5][6]

According to Scrivener the manuscript is written "with peculiar, almost barbarous, illuminations".[5]


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. Kurt Aland placed it in Category V.[7]

According to the Claremont Profile Method it represents textual family Kx in Luke 1 and Luke 20. In Luke 10 no profile was made. It creates textual cluster with Codex Athous Dionysiou.[8]


According to the colophon the manuscript was written by monk John αναγνωστης in 1179.[6] It was bought from Spyridion Lambros from Athens in 1859 (along with the codex 689, 690, 691, 692, and 693).[5]

It was added to the list of New Testament manuscript by Scrivener (592) and Gregory (688).[5]

It was examined by Bloomfied, Dean Burgon,[6] and Kirsopp Lake.[9]

Currently, the manuscript is housed at the British Library (Add. 22736), London.[3][4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Hermann von Soden, Die Schriften des neuen Testaments, in ihrer ältesten erreichbaren Textgestalt / hergestellt auf Grund ihrer Textgeschichte (Berlin 1902), vol. 1, p. 156.
  2. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 72. 
  3. ^ a b c d Aland, K.; M. Welte; B. Köster; K. Junack (1994). Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments. Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter. p. 88. ISBN 3-11-011986-2. 
  4. ^ a b Handschriftenliste at the Münster Institute
  5. ^ a b c d e f Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament, vol. 1 (fourth ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 259. 
  6. ^ a b c d Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments, Vol. 1. Leipzig. p. 212. 
  7. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 139. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 
  8. ^ Wisse, Frederik (1982). The Profile Method for the Classification and Evaluation of Manuscript Evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 64. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4. 
  9. ^ Kirsopp Lake & Silva Lake, Dated Greek Minuscule Manuscripts to the Year 1200, Boston II, 82.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]