Minuscule 698

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Minuscule 698
New Testament manuscript
Text Gospels
Date 14th century
Script Greek
Found 1858
Now at British Library
Size 17.1 cm by 13 cm
Type Byzantine text-type/mixed
Category none

Minuscule 698 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), ε436 (von Soden),[1][2] is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on parchment. Palaeographically it has been assigned to the 14th century. The manuscript is lacunose.[3][4] Scrivener labelled it by 602e.[5]


The codex contains the text of the Gospel of Mark, Gospel of Luke, and Gospel of John on 186 parchment leaves (size 17.1 cm by 13 cm). Gospel of Matthew is wholly lost. The text is written in one column per page, 19-26 lines per page.[3][6]

The text is divided according to the κεφαλαια (chapters), which numbers are given at the left margin; the τιτλοι (titles) are given at the top. There is also a division according to the Ammonian Sections (in Mark 237, the last section in 16:14), but there are no references to the Eusebian Canons. It contains the tables of the κεφαλαια (tables of contents) before each Gospel, lectionary markings at the margin, subscriptions at the end, Synaxarion, and Menologion.[5][6]

According to Scrivener it is "rough and dirty". There are no pictures, but ornamentations in faded lake.[5]


The Greek text of the codex was not placed by Kurt Aland in any Category.[7]

According to the Claremont Profile Method it represents textual group 22a in Luke 1, Luke 10, and Luke 20.[8]

The text has some omissions supplied by marginal notes.[5]


Scrivener and Gregory dated the manuscript to the 14th century.[6][5] Currently the manuscript is dated by the INTF to the 14th century.[4]

The manuscript was bought from Sir T. Gage's sale, in 1858.[5]

It was added to the list of New Testament manuscript by Scrivener (602) and Gregory (698).[5]

It was examined by S. T. Bloomfield, Dean Burgon, and William Hatch. Gregory saw the manuscript in 1883.[6]

Currently, the manuscript is housed at the British Library (Add. 27861), London.[3][4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Hermann von Soden, Die Schriften des neuen Testaments, in ihrer ältesten erreichbaren Textgestalt / hergestellt auf Grund ihrer Textgeschichte (Berlin 1902), vol. 1, p. 194.
  2. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 72. 
  3. ^ a b c Aland, K.; M. Welte; B. Köster; K. Junack (1994). Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments. Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter. p. 88. ISBN 3-11-011986-2. 
  4. ^ a b c Handschriftenliste at the Münster Institute
  5. ^ a b c d e f g Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament, vol. 1 (fourth ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 260. 
  6. ^ a b c d Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments, Vol. 1. Leipzig. p. 213. 
  7. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 139. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 
  8. ^ Wisse, Frederik (1982). The Profile Method for the Classification and Evaluation of Manuscript Evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 64. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4. 

Further reading[edit]

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