Minuscule 725 (Gregory-Aland)

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Minuscule 725
New Testament manuscript
Text Gospels
Date 13th century
Script Greek
Now at Royal Library of Belgium
Size 15.5 cm by 11.5 cm
Type Byzantine text-type
Category V

Minuscule 725 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), ε383 (von Soden),[1][2] is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament written on parchment. Palaeographically it has been assigned to the 13th century. The manuscript has complex contents.[3][4] Scrivener labelled it as 881e.[5]


The codex contains the text of the four Gospels on 210 parchment leaves (size 15.5 cm by 11.5 cm).[3][6]

The text is written in single columns per page, 24-26 lines per page.[3]

The text is divided according to the κεφαλαια (chapters), whose numbers are given at the margin, and their τιτλοι (titles of chapters) at the top.[6] There is also a division according to the smaller Ammonian Sections, but without references to the Eusebian Canons.[6]

It contains Prolegomena, lists of the κεφαλαια, subscriptions at the end of each Gospel, numbers of στιχοι, Synaxarion, and pictures.[6]


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. Hermann von Soden classified it to the textual family Kx.[7] Aland placed it in Category V.[8]

According to the Claremont Profile Method it represents Kx in Luke 1 and Luke 20. In Luke 10 no profile was made.[7]

In John 8:9 it reads αναγινωσκοντες for ακουσαντες as minuscule 651.[6]


Gregory dated the manuscript to the 13th century.[6] The manuscript is currently dated by the INTF to the 13th century.[4]

It was added to the list of New Testament manuscripts by Scrivener (881) and Gregory (725). Gregory saw the manuscript in 1891.[6]

The manuscript is now housed at the Royal Library of Belgium (11358) in Brussels.[3][4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Hermann von Soden, Die Schriften des neuen Testaments, in ihrer ältesten erreichbaren Textgestalt / hergestellt auf Grund ihrer Textgeschichte (Berlin 1902), vol. 1, p. 180.
  2. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 73. 
  3. ^ a b c d Aland, K.; M. Welte; B. Köster; K. Junack (1994). Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments. Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter. p. 90. ISBN 3-11-011986-2. 
  4. ^ a b c Handschriftenliste at the Münster Institute
  5. ^ Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament, vol. 1 (4 ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 275. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments, Vol. 1. Leipzig. p. 216. 
  7. ^ a b Wisse, Frederik (1982). The Profile Method for the Classification and Evaluation of Manuscript Evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 65. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4. 
  8. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 139. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]