Minuscule 74

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New Testament manuscripts
papyriuncialsminusculeslectionaries
Minuscule 74
Text Gospels
Date 1291/1292
Script Greek
Found 1727
Now at Christ Church College
Size 20.1 cm by 14.8 cm
Type Byzantine text-type
Category V
Note full marginalia

Minuscule 74 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), ε 321 (von Soden),[1] is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on parchment leaves. It was written in 1291 or 1292. Some leaves of the codex were lost.[2] It was adapted for liturgical use. It has full marginalia. The manuscript is lacunose.

Description[edit]

The codex contains the text of the four Gospels with some lacunae (Matthew 1:1-14; 5:29-6:1). The text is written in one column per page, 26-27 lines per page on 204 leaves (size 20.1 cm by 14.8 cm).[2]

The text is divided according to the κεφαλαια (chapters), whose numbers are given at the margin, and their τιτλοι (titles of chapters) at the top of the pages. There is also another division according to the smaller Ammonian Sections (in Matthew 359, in Mark 241 – 16:20, in Luke 341, in John 232), with references to the Eusebian Canons (written below Ammonian Section numbers).[3]

It contains the Epistle to Carpianum, Eusebian Canon tables at the beginning, tables of the κεφαλαια (tables of contents) before each Gospel, Argumentum to Mark, synaxaria, Menologion, lectionary markings at the margin (for liturgical use), incipits, subscriptions at the end of each Gospel, and pictures.[4][3]

Text[edit]

The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. Aland placed it in Category V.[5]

According to Claremont Profile Method it represents textual family Kx in Luke 1 and Luke 20. In Luke 10 no profile was made. It creates textual cluster 74.[6] To the cluster belong manuscripts: 74, 89, 198, 234, 390, 483, 484, 502, 561, (Luke 1), 1397, 1594, 1635, 1676, 2266, 2707, and 2749. The profile of the cluster is following: Luke 1 (6, 9, 27, 34), Luke 10 (15, 18, 23, 44, 57, 60), Luke 20 (4, 13, 19, 35, 50, 54, 62).[7]

History[edit]

The manuscript was written in 1291 or 1292 by scribe Theodore from the village Agios Petros in Arcadia. Theodore wrote minuscule 234 in 1278, 856 in 1280, 484 in 1292, 483 in 1295, 412 in 1301. Possibly it was recopied by minuscule 90 (Gregory). [3]

It came in 1727 from the monastery of the Pantokrator on the Athos peninsula to England.[4] The manuscript was presented to archbishop of Canterbury, William Wake (1657-1737), along with minuscule manuscripts 73, 506-520. Wake presented it to the Christ Church College in Oxford. In 1732 John Walker slightly collated it for Bentley.[8]

C. R. Gregory saw it in 1883.[3]

It is currently housed in at the Christ Church College (Wake 20), at Oxford.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 50. 
  2. ^ a b c K. Aland, M. Welte, B. Köster, K. Junack, "Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments", Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, New York 1994, p. 51.
  3. ^ a b c d Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments 1. Leipzig: Hinrichs. p. 146. 
  4. ^ a b Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament 1 (4 ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 204. 
  5. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 138. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 
  6. ^ Wisse, Frederik (1982). The Profile Method for the Classification and Evaluation of Manuscript Evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 54. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4. 
  7. ^ Wisse, Frederik (1982). The Profile Method for the Classification and Evaluation of Manuscript Evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 96. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4. 
  8. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments 1. Leipzig: Hinrichs. p. 146, 169. 

Further reading[edit]