Minuscule 818 (Gregory-Aland)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
New Testament manuscripts
Minuscule 818
Name Escurialensis
Text Gospels
Date 14th century
Script Greek
Now at El Escorial
Size 23.7 cm by 16 cm
Type Byzantine text-type
Category V

Minuscule 818 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), Θε419 (von Soden),[1][2] is a 14th-century Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament written on paper, with a commentary.


The codex contains the complete text of the four Gospels, on 373 cotton paper leaves (size 23.7 cm by 16 cm), with a commentary.[3] The leaves are arranged in quarto (four leaves in quire).[4] It has ornamented headpieces.[1]

The text is written in one column per page, 32 lines per page.[3][5]

It contains a commentary of Theophylact.[6]


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. Aland placed it in Category V.[7]

It was not examined according to the Claremont Profile Method.[8]


Emmanuel Miller and C. R. Gregory dated the manuscript to the 14th century.[6] It is presently assigned to the 14th century on palaeographic grounds by the Institute for New Testament Textual Research.[3][5]

The manuscript was briefly described by Emmanuel Miller in 1848.[4] It was added to the list of New Testament manuscripts by Gregory (818e).[6]

The manuscript is now housed in El Escorial (Ψ. III, 13).[3][5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Soden, von, Hermann (1902). Die Schriften des neuen Testaments, in ihrer ältesten erreichbaren Textgestalt / hergestellt auf Grund ihrer Textgeschichte 1. Berlin: Verlag von Alexander Duncker. p. 268. 
  2. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 76. 
  3. ^ a b c d Aland, Kurt; M. Welte, B. Köster, K. Junack (1994). Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments. Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter. p. 95. ISBN 3-11-011986-2. 
  4. ^ a b Emmanuel Miller, Catalogue des manuscrits grecs de la bibliothèque de l'Escurial (Paris 1848), p. 436.
  5. ^ a b c "Liste Handschriften". Münster: Institute for New Testament Textual Research. Retrieved 16 November 2010. 
  6. ^ a b c Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments 1. Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs. p. 224. 
  7. ^ Aland, Kurt; Barbara Aland; Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.) (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 139. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 
  8. ^ Wisse, Frederik (1982). The Profile Method for the Classification and Evaluation of Manuscript Evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 66. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4. 

Further reading[edit]