Minuscule 831 (Gregory-Aland)

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Minuscule 831
New Testament manuscript
Text Gospels
Date 11th century
Script Greek
Now at Biblioteca della Badia
Size 19 cm by 13.5 cm
Type Byzantine text-type
Category V

Minuscule 831 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), ε117 (von Soden),[1][2] is an 11th-century Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament on parchment. The manuscript is lacunose.


The codex contains the text of the Gospel of Luke (19:25-25:53) and Gospel of John, on 69 parchment leaves (size 19 cm by 13.5 cm).[3][4] The text is written in one column per page, 23 lines per page.[3][5] The original codex contained text of the four Gospels.[1]

The text is divided according to the κεφαλαια (chapters), and according to the smaller Ammonian Sections. The numbers of the κεφαλαια are given at the left margin, but there are not τιτλοι (titles) at the top of the pages. The numbers of the Ammonian Sections are given at the margin, but there are no references to the Eusebian Canons.[4]

It contains the table of the κεφαλαια (table of contents) before Gospel of John, lectionary markings at the margin (for church reading), incipits, and subscriptions at the end of each Gospels.[4][6]


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. Hermann von Soden classified it to the textual family Kx.[7] Kurt Aland placed it in Category V.[8]

According to the Claremont Profile Method it represents the textual family Kx in Luke 20. In Luke 1 and Luke 10 the manuscript is defective, and textual profile in these chapters is not possible.[7]

The Pericope Adulterae (John 7:53-8:11) is placed at the end of the Gospel of John.[4]


C. R. Gregory dated the manuscript to the 11th century, Scrivener to the 12th century.[4][6] Currently the manuscript is dated by the INTF to the 11th century.[5]

The manuscript was examined and described by Antonio Rocci in 1882.[9] It was added to the list of New Testament manuscripts by Scrivener (629)[6] and Gregory (831e). Gregory saw it in 1886.[4]

Currently the manuscript is housed at the Biblioteca della Badia (A' α. 17), in Grottaferrata.[3][5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Soden, von, Hermann (1902). Die Schriften des neuen Testaments, in ihrer ältesten erreichbaren Textgestalt / hergestellt auf Grund ihrer Textgeschichte 1. Berlin: Verlag von Alexander Duncker. p. 139. 
  2. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 76. 
  3. ^ a b c Aland, Kurt; M. Welte; B. Köster; K. Junack (1994). Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments. Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter. p. 95. ISBN 3-11-011986-2. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments, Vol. 1. Leipzig: Hinrichs. p. 225. 
  5. ^ a b c "Liste Handschriften". Münster: Institute for New Testament Textual Research. Retrieved 23 January 2011. 
  6. ^ a b c Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament, vol. 1 (4 ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 264. 
  7. ^ a b Wisse, Frederik (1982). The Profile Method for the Classification and Evaluation of Manuscript Evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 66. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4. 
  8. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 139. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 
  9. ^ Antonio Rocci, Codices cryptenses, seu Abbatiae Cryptae Ferratae in Tusculano digesti et illustrati (Tusculanum 1883).

Further reading[edit]