Minuscule 863 (Gregory-Aland)

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New Testament manuscripts
Minuscule 863
First page of Matthew
First page of Matthew
Text Gospels
Date 12th century
Script Greek
Now at Vatican Library
Size 38.5 cm by 27 cm
Type Byzantine?
Category none
Note commentary

Minuscule 863 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), Θε301 (von Soden),[1][2] is a 12th-century Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament on parchment. The manuscript has no complex context.


The codex contains the text of the four Gospels on 400 parchment leaves (size 38.5 cm by 27 cm), with a catena. It has some lacunae (John 18:10-21:25). The text is written in two columns per page, 41 lines per page.[3][4] The biblical text is surrounded by a catena. The commentary is of Theophylact's authorship.[5][6] It contains decorated head-pieces and decorated initial letters.

The text is divided according to the κεφαλαια (chapters), whose numbers are given at the margin of the text, and their τιτλοι (titles) at the top of the pages. It contains tables of the κεφαλαια (tables of contents) before each Gospel, lectionary markings at the margin, and subscriptions at the end of each of the Gospels.[5]


Kurt Aland did not place the Greek text of the codex in any Category.[7] It was not examined by the Claremont Profile Method.[8]


F. H. A. Scrivener dated the manuscript to the 12th or 13th century, C. R. Gregory dated it to the 13th century.[6] Currently the manuscript is dated by the INTF to the 12th century.[4] According to the colophon it was written in 1154.[3]

The manuscript was added to the list of New Testament manuscripts by Scrivener (676e)[6] and Gregory (863e). Gregory saw it in 1886.[5] It was examined by Kirsopp Lake.

The manuscript once belonged to the Cardinal Antonio Carafa.

Currently the manuscript is housed at the Vatican Library (Gr. 1221), in Rome.[3][4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Soden, von, Hermann (1902). Die Schriften des neuen Testaments, in ihrer ältesten erreichbaren Textgestalt / hergestellt auf Grund ihrer Textgeschichte 1. Berlin: Verlag von Alexander Duncker. p. 264. 
  2. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 77. 
  3. ^ a b c Aland, Kurt; M. Welte; B. Köster; K. Junack (1994). Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments. Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter. p. 97. ISBN 3-11-011986-2. 
  4. ^ a b c "Liste Handschriften". Münster: Institute for New Testament Textual Research. Retrieved 23 March 2011. 
  5. ^ a b c Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments 1. Leipzig: Hinrichs. p. 228. 
  6. ^ a b c Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament 1 (4 ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 266. 
  7. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 139. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 
  8. ^ Wisse, Frederik (1982). The Profile Method for the Classification and Evaluation of Manuscript Evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 67. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

  • "Liste Handschriften". Münster: Institute for New Testament Textual Research. Retrieved 23 March 2011.