Minuscule 877 (Gregory-Aland)

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New Testament manuscripts
Minuscule 877
Name Cod. Vaticanus 2290
Text Gospels
Date 12th century
Script Greek
Now at Vatican Library
Size 26.6 cm by 21 cm
Type Byzantine
Category none
Note marginalia

Minuscule 877 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), ε204 (von Soden),[1][2] is a 12th-century Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament on parchment. It has complex contents.


The codex contains the text of the four Gospels on 218 parchment leaves (size 26.6 cm by 21 cm). The text is written in two columns per page, 25 lines per page.[3][4] According to F. H. A. Scrivener it is "a splendid codex".[5]

The text is divided according to the κεφαλαια (chapters), whose numbers are given at the margin, and their τιτλοι (titles of chapters) at the top of the pages. There is also a division according to the Ammonian Sections, with references to the Eusebian Canons.[6]

It contains the Epistula ad Carpianum, Eusebian Canon tables, prolegomena, tables of κεφαλαια (tables of contents) before each Gospel, and number of verses at the end of each Gospel.[6][5] According to Hermann von Soden it has lectionary markings.[1]


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. Hermann von Soden classified it to the textual family Kx.[7] Kurt Aland did not place it in any Category.[8] According to the Claremont Profile Method it represents textual family Kx in Luke 1 and Luke 20. In Luke 10 no profile was made. It creates textual pair with 439.[7]


The manuscript is dated by the colophon to the year 1197.[3][4] It was written by a monk, Athanasius, at the suggestion of Johannicius.[6]

The manuscript was added to the list of New Testament manuscripts by Scrivener (694e),[5] Gregory (877e). Gregory saw it in 1886.[6]

Currently the manuscript is housed at the Vatican Library (Gr. 2247), in Rome.[3][4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Soden, von, Hermann (1902). Die Schriften des neuen Testaments, in ihrer ältesten erreichbaren Textgestalt / hergestellt auf Grund ihrer Textgeschichte 1. Berlin: Verlag von Alexander Duncker. p. 153. 
  2. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 77. 
  3. ^ a b c Aland, Kurt; M. Welte; B. Köster; K. Junack (1994). Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments. Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter. p. 99. ISBN 3-11-011986-2. 
  4. ^ a b c "Liste Handschriften". Münster: Institute for New Testament Textual Research. Retrieved 26 July 2012. 
  5. ^ a b c Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament 1 (4 ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 267. 
  6. ^ a b c d Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments 1. Leipzig: Hinrichs. p. 229. 
  7. ^ a b Wisse, Frederik (1982). The Profile Method for the Classification and Evaluation of Manuscript Evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 67. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4. 
  8. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 139. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

  • "Liste Handschriften". Münster: Institute for New Testament Textual Research. Retrieved 26 July 2012.