Minuscule 94

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New Testament manuscripts
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Minuscule 94
Text Acts of the Apostles, Pauline epistles, Book of Revelation
Date 12th/13th century
Script Greek
Now at Bibliothèque nationale de France
Size 24.4 cm by 18 cm
Type mixed / Byzantine text-type / Alexandrian
Category III/V
Note Commentary

Minuscule 94 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), O31 (von Soden),[1] is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on parchment and paper, dated to the 12th or 13th century.[2] Formerly it was labelled by 18a, 21p, and 19r.

Description[edit]

The codex contains the text of the Acts of the Apostles, Pauline epistles, Book of Revelation on 328 parchment and paper leaves (size 24.4 cm by 18 cm) with some lacunae.[2] The order of books is usual: Acts, Catholic epistles, Pauline epistles (Hebrews are placed before 1 Timothy), and Revelation of John.[3] The leaves 1-26 are written on vellum, the rest on cotton paper (leaves 27-328).[4]

The text is written in one column per page, 22 lines per page (38 lines with text of Commentary).[2] It contains scholia to the Acts and Catholic epistles, Andreas's Commentary to the Apocalypse, and Prolegomena to the Pauline epistles.[4] The initial letters are written in red.[3]

The Book of Revelation palaeographically had been assigned to the 12th century, and rest part of the codex to the 13th century. According to the colophon, the Book of Revelation was written by a monk named Anthony, dates it to the year 1079.

Text[edit]

The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. Aland placed it in Category III for the Acts and Catholic Epistles, "but clearly lower for Paul and Revelation.[5] According to David Alan Black it represents the Alexandrian text-type in the Book of Revelation.[6]

In Acts 8:39 instead of πνεῦμα κυρίου (spirit of the Lord) it has unusual textual variant πνεῦμα ἅγιον ἐπέπεσεν ἐπὶ τὸν εὐνοῦχον, ἄγγελος δέ κυρίου ἥρπασεν τὸν Φίλιππον (the Holy Spirit fell on the eunuch, and an angel of the Lord caught up Philip) supported by Codex Alexandrinus and several minuscule manuscripts: 103, 307, 322, 323, 385, 453, 467, 945, 1739, 1765, 1891, 2298, 36a, itp, vg, syrh.[7]

In Acts 12:18 it reads μεγας for ουκ ολιγος, the reading is supported by 307, 431, 1175, 2818, copsa, arm.[8]

In Rev 1:5 it reads λουσαντι ημας απο along with the manuscripts 025, 046, 1006, 1859, 2042, 2065, 2073, 2138, 2432.

History[edit]

The manuscript is dated by the INTF on the paleographical ground to the 12th or 13th century.[2]

The manuscript was examined by Montfaucon,[9] Wettstein, Paulin Martin,[10] and Henri Omont. C. R. Gregory saw the manuscript in 1885.[3] Herman C. Hoskier collated text of the Apocalypse.[11]

Formerly it was labelled by 18a, 21p, and 19r.[3] In 1908 Gregory gave number 94 for it.[1]

It is currently housed at the Bibliothèque nationale de France (Fonds Coislin, Gr. 202.2), at Paris.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 51. 
  2. ^ a b c d e K. Aland, M. Welte, B. Köster, K. Junack, "Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments", Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, New York 1994, p. 52.
  3. ^ a b c d Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments 1. Leipzig: Hinrichs. p. 264. 
  4. ^ a b Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament 1 (4 ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 285. 
  5. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 129. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 
  6. ^ David Alan Black, New Testament Textual Criticism, Baker Books, 2006, p. 64.
  7. ^ Nestle-Aland, Novum Testamentum Graece, 26th edition, p. 345; Bruce M. Metzger, A Textual Commentary on the Greek New Testament (Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft: Stuttgart 2001), p. 316.
  8. ^ UBS3, p. 463.
  9. ^ Bernard de Montfaucon, Bibliotheca Coisliniana olim Segueriana, Paris: Ludovicus Guerin & Carolus Robustel, 1715, p. 263
  10. ^ Jean-Pierre-Paul Martin, Description technique des manuscrits grecs relatifs au Nouveau Testament, conservés dans les bibliothèques de Paris (Paris 1883), p. 110
  11. ^ Herman C. Hoskier, Concerning the Text of the Apocalypse: Collation of All Existing Available Greek Documents with the Standard Text of Stephen’s Third Edition Together with the Testimony of Versions, Commentaries and Fathers. 1 vol. (London: Bernard Quaritch, Ltd., 1929), pp. 34-36.

Further reading[edit]

  • Herman C. Hoskier, "Manuscripts of the Apocalypse - Recent Investigations V", BJRL vol. 8 pt 2 (London, 1924), pp. 13-16.
  • Herman C. Hoskier, Concerning the Text of the Apocalypse: Collation of All Existing Available Greek Documents with the Standard Text of Stephen’s Third Edition Together with the Testimony of Versions, Commentaries and Fathers. 1 vol. (London: Bernard Quaritch, Ltd., 1929), pp. 34-36.

External links[edit]