Minusinsk

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Minusinsk (English)
Минусинск (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Минусинский краеведческий музей.JPG
Museum of Local Lore in Minusinsk
Map of Russia - Krasnoyarsk Krai (2008-03).svg
Location of Krasnoyarsk Krai in Russia
Minusinsk is located in Krasnoyarsk Krai
Minusinsk
Minusinsk
Location of Minusinsk in Krasnoyarsk Krai
Coordinates: 53°42′N 91°41′E / 53.700°N 91.683°E / 53.700; 91.683Coordinates: 53°42′N 91°41′E / 53.700°N 91.683°E / 53.700; 91.683
Coat of Arms of Minusinsk (1854).png
Flag of Minusinsk (Krasnoyarsk kray) (2001).png
Coat of arms
Flag
Administrative status (as of April 2011)
Country Russia
Federal subject Krasnoyarsk Krai[1]
Administratively subordinated to krai town of Minusinsk[1]
Administrative center of krai town of Minusinsk,[1] Minusinsky District[1]
Municipal status (as of February 2009)
Urban okrug Minusinsk Urban Okrug[2]
Administrative center of Minusinsk Urban Okrug,[2] Minusinsky Municipal District[3]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 71,170 inhabitants[4]
Rank in 2010 220th
Time zone KRAT (UTC+08:00)[5]
Founded 1739[citation needed]
Town status since 1822[citation needed]
Dialing code(s) +7 39132[citation needed]
Official website
Minusinsk on WikiCommons
Minusinsk Steppe, by Vasily Surikov

Minusinsk (Russian: Минуси́нск) is a historical town in Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia. Population: 71,170 (2010 Census);[4] 72,561 (2002 Census);[6] 72,942 (1989 Census);[7] 44,500 (1973).

Geography[edit]

Minusinsk marks the center of the Minusinsk Hollow, one of the most important archaeological areas north of Pazyryk. It is associated with the Afanasevo, Tashtyk, and Tagar cultures—all of them named after settlements in the vicinity of Minusinsk.

History[edit]

The Russian settlement of Minyusinskoye (Минюсинское) was founded in 1739-1740[8] at the confluence of the Minusa River with the Yenisei. The Turkic Min Usa means "my brook",[9] or "thousand rivers".[10] The name transformed to Minusinskoye (Минусинское) in 1810.

By 1822, Minusinsk had emerged as a regional center of farming and transit trade and was granted town status.[8] During the 19th century, it was a node of cultural activities for a very large area. The Martyanov Natural History Museum was opened there in 1877.[8] It is still very active and publishes a quite useful annual report of its scientific findings, meetings etc.

The town was also a place of political exile. George Kennan wrote in his very influential book Siberia and the Exile System (NY 1891) of the town and the museum being an intellectual haven for those tsarist political activists and revolutionaries who had been exiled from European Russia in the 1880s. Vladimir Lenin used to visit Minusinsk on numerous occasions when he was in exile in the nearby village of Shushenskoye between 1897 and 1900. In November, 1918, during the Russian Civil War, Minusinsk peasants started a short-lived rebellion against the White Army, because of extortion and high taxes. However, poor equipment and supplies led to eventual defeat in the December and the rebels were subjected to alternatively execution, exile, prison or fines.[11]

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Minusinsk serves as the administrative center of Minusinsky District, even though it is not a part of it.[1] As an administrative division, it is, together with one work settlement (Zelyony Bor), incorporated separately as the krai town of Minusinsk—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, the krai town of Minusinsk is incorporated as Minusinsk Urban Okrug.[2]

Climate[edit]

Minusinsk has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfb/Dwb), with very cold winters and warm summers. Precipitation is quite low, but is much higher from June to September than at other times of the year.

Climate data for Minusinsk
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 6.7
(44.1)
9.6
(49.3)
24.2
(75.6)
33.0
(91.4)
37.7
(99.9)
38.2
(100.8)
39.3
(102.7)
37.7
(99.9)
32.6
(90.7)
25.8
(78.4)
16.1
(61)
6.7
(44.1)
39.3
(102.7)
Average high °C (°F) −12.9
(8.8)
−9.4
(15.1)
−0.5
(31.1)
10.5
(50.9)
18.8
(65.8)
24.7
(76.5)
26.8
(80.2)
24.0
(75.2)
17.2
(63)
8.4
(47.1)
−3.0
(26.6)
−10.8
(12.6)
7.82
(46.08)
Daily mean °C (°F) −19.5
(−3.1)
−17.7
(0.1)
−8.0
(17.6)
3.3
(37.9)
11.1
(52)
17.5
(63.5)
20.1
(68.2)
17.0
(62.6)
10.0
(50)
2.0
(35.6)
−8.4
(16.9)
−16.7
(1.9)
0.89
(33.6)
Average low °C (°F) −25.3
(−13.5)
−24.4
(−11.9)
−14.6
(5.7)
−3.2
(26.2)
3.5
(38.3)
10.1
(50.2)
13.2
(55.8)
10.3
(50.5)
3.8
(38.8)
−3.1
(26.4)
−13.3
(8.1)
−22.2
(−8)
−5.43
(22.22)
Record low °C (°F) −52.2
(−62)
−50.3
(−58.5)
−46.7
(−52.1)
−32.3
(−26.1)
−10.9
(12.4)
−3.5
(25.7)
2.7
(36.9)
−2.8
(27)
−11.5
(11.3)
−24.0
(−11.2)
−42.9
(−45.2)
−49.4
(−56.9)
−52.2
(−62)
Precipitation mm (inches) 8.6
(0.339)
6.9
(0.272)
7.1
(0.28)
15.3
(0.602)
33.7
(1.327)
56.4
(2.22)
66.0
(2.598)
62.5
(2.461)
43.8
(1.724)
23.4
(0.921)
14.2
(0.559)
11.5
(0.453)
349.4
(13.756)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 11.7 7.6 7.4 11.0 10.0 10.7 12.7 12.1 10.0 12.7 11.3 14.8 132
 % humidity 79.5 74.9 70.5 60.6 56.5 64.4 71.2 71.9 69.1 75.6 73.4 76.9 70.38
Mean monthly sunshine hours 74.4 96.7 189.1 216.0 254.2 276.0 272.8 232.5 165.0 105.4 84.0 49.6 2,015.7
Source: climatebase.ru (1927-2008)[12]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Minusinsk is twinned with:

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Law #10-4765
  2. ^ a b c Law #13-3049
  3. ^ Law #13-3022
  4. ^ a b "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  5. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  6. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  7. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  8. ^ a b c Н. И. Дроздов, В. С. Боровец "Енисейский энциклопедический словарь". Krasnoyarsk, 1998 (ISBN 5883290051), pp. 391.
  9. ^ "Мой Красноярск" [My Krasnoyarsk] (in Russian). Krasnoyarsk Administration/Siberian Federal University Internet Center. Retrieved 2009-08-24. 
  10. ^ "Минусинск" [Minusinsk] (in Russian). Народная энциклопедия городов и регионов России (The People's Encyclopedia of cities and regions of Russia). Retrieved 2009-08-24. 
  11. ^ "Минусинское восстание" [Minusinsk Rebellion] (in Russian). ХРОНОС. Retrieved 2014-04-12. 
  12. ^ "Minusinsk, Russia". Climatebase.ru. Retrieved 23 January 2013. 

Sources[edit]

  • Законодательное собрание Красноярского края. Закон №10-4765 от 10 июня 2010 г. «О перечне административно-территориальных единиц и территориальных единиц Красноярского края», в ред. Закона №13-6663 от 1 декабря 2011 г. «Об изменении статуса рабочих посёлков и внесении изменений в Закон края "О перечне административно-территориальных единиц и территориальных единиц Красноярского края"». Вступил в силу 1 июля 2010 г.. Опубликован: "Ведомости высших органов государственной власти Красноярского края", №33(404), 5 июля 2010 г. (Legislative Assembly of Krasnoyarsk Krai. Law #10-4765 of June 10, 2010 On the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units and the Territorial Units of Krasnoyarsk Krai, as amended by the Law #13-6663 of December 1, 2011 On Changing the Status of the Work Settlements and on Amending the Krai Law "On the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units and the Territorial Units of Krasnoyarsk Krai". Effective as of July 1, 2010.).
  • Законодательное собрание Красноярского края. Закон №13-3049 от 18 февраля 2005 г. «Об установлении границ муниципального образования город Минусинск и о наделении его статусом городского округа», в ред. Закона №8-2962 от 19 февраля 2009 г «О внесении изменений в Закон края "Об установлении границ муниципального образования город Минусинск и о наделении его статусом городского округа"». Вступил в силу через десять дней после официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Ведомости высших органов государственной власти Красноярского края", №9, 4 марта 2005 г. (Legislative Assembly of Krasnoyarsk Krai. Law #13-3049 of February 18, 2005 On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formation of the Town of Minusinsk and on Granting It Urban Okrug Status, as amended by the Law #8-2962 of February 19, 2009 On Amending the Krai Law "On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formation of the Town of Minusinsk and on Granting It Urban Okrug Status". Effective as of the day ten days after the official publication.).
  • Законодательное собрание Красноярского края. Закон №13-3022 от 18 февраля 2005 г. «Об установлении границ и наделении соответствующим статусом муниципального образования Минусинский район и находящихся в его границах иных муниципальных образований», в ред. Закона №7-2410 от 18 ноября 2008 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон края «Об установлении границ и наделении соответствующим статусом муниципального образования Минусинский район и находящихся в его границах иных муниципальных образований»». Вступил в силу через десять дней после официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Ведомости высших органов государственной власти Красноярского края", №9, 4 марта 2005 г. (Legislative Assembly of Krasnoyarsk Krai. Law #13-3022 of February 18, 2005 On Establishing the Borders and Granting an Appropriate Status to the Municipal Formation of Minusinsky District and to Other Municipal Formations Within Its Borders, as amended by the Law #7-2410 of November 18, 2008 On Amending the Krai Law "On Establishing the Borders and Granting an Appropriate Status to the Municipal Formation of Minusinsky District and to Other Municipal Formations Within Its Borders". Effective as of ten days after the official publication.).