Miqdad ibn Aswad
|Known For||Being a loyal companion of Prophet Muhammad and Imam Ali|
|Influences||Allah, Prophet Muhammad, Imam Ali, and the Ahl al-Bayt|
|Opponents||Enemies of Allah, Islam, Prophet Muhammad, and the Ahl al-Bayt|
|Beliefs and practices|
|Current Branches of Shi'ism|
Miqdad ibn Amr al-Behraúe (Arabic: مقداد بن عمرو البهرائي) was one of the Sahabah of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad. Miqdad is venerated by Shi'a Muslims as one of the Four Companions, early Muslims who were followers of Ali ibn Abi Talib. Miqdad ibn Aswad is among Shi'as regarded as one of the most respected Sahaba. He is mentioned in one Hadith regarding the perfect Shia, he was one of the Muhajirun and he is also among the List of Sahabah that did not give Bay'ah to Abu Bakr.
Miqdad belonged to an Arabian tribe named Bahra. He escaped from his tribe and inhabited Mecca. In Mecca, Miqdad belonged to a man named al-Aswad Al Kindi. So, people started calling him Miqdad ibn Aswad al-Kindi. Islam rose from the top of the Hira Mount. Miqdad ibn Aswad al-Kindi became twenty-four years old. He heard about the Islamic Prophet Muhammad’s mission. He hurried to believe in the new religion. He kept his Islam a secret. He met the Islamic Prophet Muhammad secretly. Thus, he was among the earlier Muslims. He always felt the Muslims' sufferings.
The Prophet Muhammad ordered his companions to immigrate to Medina. They immigrated one by one or group by group. After some time, he received orders from Allah to immigrate to Medina also. When he reached Medina, Miqdad ibn Aswad Al-Kindi rejoiced by seeing him reaching Medina safely. Miqdad admired Ali ibn Abu Talib (the first Shia Imam and the fourth Sunni Caliph).
His loyalty towards the Prophet Muhammad could be seen at the battle of Badr, when Miqdad ibn Aswad Al-Kindi stood up and said: "Allah's Apostle, go on and obey Allah's Order! We'll support you! By Allah, we won't say as the Jews had said to their prophet: You and your Lord, go and fight! We'll stay here! We say: You and your Lord, go and fight, we'll support you"!
Happy expression appeared on the Islamic Prophet Muhammad’s face. Then The Islamic Prophet Muhammad said to the Ansars: “What shall I do"?
Saad ibn Maadh answered: “Allah's Apostle, we've believed in you, we've believed you. We've confessed to what to have said as the truth. We've promised to hear and obey! Then, Allah's Apostle, go on what you've wanted! By Allah! If you asked us to cross the Red Sea, we would do"!
The Muslims were full of enthusiasm. They got ready to face the polytheists with hearts filled with faith.
The polytheists tried to kill the Prophet Muhammad to destroy Islam totally. But the sincere companions such as Ali bin Abi Talib, al-Miqdad, Al-Zubair, Mus`ab ibn `Umair, Abu Dujana al-Ansari, Sahal bin Hunaif, and others resisted the polytheists bravely. They defended Muhammad against them.
Miqdad ibn Aswad Al-Kindi deeply believed in Allah and teachings of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad. One day, the Islamic Prophet Muhammad said: “Allah has ordered me to love four (persons), and He has told me that He loves them. The persons are Ali, al-Miqdad, Abu Dharr al-Ghifari, and Salman al Farisi.”
Miqdad taught people the Qur'an. His reading became famous all over Damascus. Miqdad stayed loyal to Allah and the Islamic Prophet Muhammad and died at the age of ninety.