Mir Chakar Rind

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Mir Chakar Khan Rind, Mir Shakar Khan Rind, Meer Chaakar Khan Rind or Chakar The Great, Chakar-i-Azam (1468–1565[1]) (Balochi: میر چاکَر حان رِند) was a Baloch chieftain in the 15th century. He is considered a folk hero of the Baloch people and an important figure in the Baloch epic Hani and Sheh Mureed.

History[edit]

In the 15th century, Mir Chakar Khan Rind became the first King of Balochistan and established the first Kingdom of Balochistan. Mir Chakar Rind lived in the hills of Sibi and became the head of Rind tribe at the age of 18 after the death of his father Mir Shahak Khan. Mir Chakar's fiefdom was short-lived because of a civil war between the Lashari and Rind tribes of Balochistan.[2]Mir Gwahram Khan Lashari, head of the Lashari tribe, went to war that resulted in thousands dead, including Mir Chakar's brother. The war and the gallantry of the two tribe leaders continues to be a part of the Baloch peoples' history. After the "Thirty Years' War" against the Lashari Tribe,[3] After defeating the Lashari tribe, Mir Chakar Rind went to war against Afghan King Sher Shah Suri. Mir Chakar Rind defeated the Lasharis and then left Balochistan and settled in the Punjab region in 1518.

Mir Chakar settled in Satghara in Okara District and gained power and respect in the area. Afghan King Sher Shah Suri approached Mir Chakar to unite with him to consolidate his gains. Mir Chakar appreciated the offer but refused to help Sher Shah Suri and beaten the Afghan armies in Punjab.Under the command of his son, Mir Shahzad or Shahdad Khan, his 40,000 Baloch forces instead joined the Mughal army of Emperor Humayun in 1555,after a long exile in Persia. Emperor Humayun came back, recaptured Delhi, and ousted the Suri dynasty in 1556. As a reward, Emperor Humayun conferred a vast Jagir, including horses and slaves, to Mir Chakar. Mir Chakar Rind died in 1565. Mir Chakar Rind also helped Humayun's father Babur against Ibrahim Lodi in 1526. People who accompanied Mir Chakar to Satghara after leaving Balochistan constructed a tomb for his body.

Today[edit]

Many members of Mir Chakar's tribe still live in Satghara, Okara District. The Chief of the tribe is Sardar Yar Muhammad Rind.[4][5] They live in southern Punjab to this day and speak Sulemani Balochi or the Seraiki language; they still exert considerable influence in the daily affairs of the district.

The Rind tribe is one of oldest and largest Baloch tribes. Its members are spread all over Balochistan, including the western (Iranian) Balochistan. With the passage of time, Rind clans have been formed. Dombki tribe in Sibi, Bakhtiarabad, Bakhshapur, distt: Kashmore Sindh,Gurmani,Leghari, Qaisrani, Lund, Buzdar, Dasti (Dashti) and Mastoi tribes in Dera Ghazi Khan, Bugti, Mandwani, Notkani and Marri tribes in eastern Balochistan and Askanis along the coastline and Maheer, Kiazai, Perozai, Mullazai in Mand (Kech District) Balochistan

References[edit]

  1. ^ S.A.J. Shirazi. "Heritage Village, Pakistan". Travelers Digest. 
  2. ^ Overseas Pakistan Foundation. "Provinces of Pakistan (Balochistan)". Encyclopedia of Pakistan. 
  3. ^ Ahmad Hasan Dani; Vadim Mikhaĭlovich Masson; János (1999). History of Civilizations of Central Asia. Motilal Banarsidass Publ. p. 305. ISBN 978-81-208-1595-7. 
  4. ^ "Sherani meets Sardar Rind". Pakistan News. Retrieved 16 September 2014. 
  5. ^ "Arrest warrants for Sardar Yar Mohammad". The Express Tribune. February 19, 2011. Retrieved 16 September 2014. 

External links[edit]