Miracles of Muhammad
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Miracles of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad are a number of supernatural occurrences, which according to Islamic tradition were made by Muhammad during his lifetime. These miracles are shown either in the Qur'an or, in the vast majority of cases, in the hadith (traditions of Muhammad). Muhammad's miracles encompass a broad range, such as the multiplication of food, manifestation of water, hidden knowledge, prophesies, healing, punishment, and power over nature.
According to historian Denis Gril, the Qur'an does not overtly describe Muhammad performing miracles, and the supreme miracle of Muhammad is finally identified with the Qur'an itself. This allegation, that the Quran itself denies Muhammad's miracle-working, is a common argument among Christian apologists. However, several miracles are reported in the Quran and miracles "appear early and often in the hadith" and the hadiths are indispensable in elucidating Muhammad's miracles.
List of miracles
- Quran - considered by Muslims to be Muhammad's greatest miracle and a miracle for all times, unlike the miracles of other prophets, which were confined to being witnessed in their own lifetimes.
- Splitting of the moon
- Isra and Mi'raj (Night Journey)
- According to Ali ibn Sahl Rabban al-Tabari, Muhammad's success and victory against his enemies was one of his miracles. Similarly, many modern Muslim historians believe Muhammad's greatest miracles were his worldly accomplishments, in a short time span, in various fields (such as the religious, social, proselytising, political, military and literary spheres) and "the transformation of the Arabs from marauding bands of nomads into world conquerors."
- On several occasions he provided food and water supernaturally.
- He comforted a palm tree that was upset after he stopped leaning on it during his sermons.
- He caused two trees to move at his command.
- Prophecies made by him.
- His migration from Mecca to Medina.
- He quenched the thirst of thousands of his soldiers during the Battle of Tabouk and enabled them to use water for ablution after causing water to pour forth.
- He caused a well to swell with water during the event of the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah, enabling his followers with him to drink and use the water for ablution.
- He threw a handful of dust at some of the enemy during the Battle of Badr, causing them to be blinded. This miracle is mentioned in the Quran, Sura Al-Anfal, Verse 17 (8:17).
- When the Jews of Medina claimed that the hereafter belonged to them alone, a Quranic verse was revealed (2:94) saying "Then wish for death. if you are speaking the truth." Muhammad said they would not be able to wish for death and his statement was proven correct, despite the Jews eagerness to disprove the reality of his Prophethood. This challenge was repeated in another Quranic verse (62:6-7) and again was never met by the Jews.
- He told his companion, Uthman, that a calamity would befall him, which would be followed with his entering paradise; this eventuated during Uthman's Caliphate.
- He told his companion, Ammar ibn Yasir, that the unjust party would kill him; this eventuated during the First Fitna.
- He said that God would make peace between two large Muslim groups through his grandson Hasan ibn Ali; this eventuated with the Hasan–Muawiya treaty.
- He said that a man who was apparently fighting for the Muslim cause would actually be of the people of Hell; this was proven when the man committed suicide in order to remove his suffering following a wound in battle.
- He said that he would kill one of the enemies of the Muslims, Ubay ibn Khalaf, which he achieved at the Battle of Uhud.
- Before the Battle of Badr, he showed exactly where each of the enemy chiefs would be killed; they all died in the exact locations stated.
- He said that a part of his nation would raid by sea; this eventuated with the establishment of Muslim naval power under the Caliphate.
- He said that his daughter Fatimah would be the first of his family to die after him; which eventuated.
- He told his wives that the most charitable one among them would be the first to die after him; this eventuated with the death of Zaynab bint Jahsh.
- He caused Abdullah ibn Masud to convert to Islam after he made a barren ewe, which produced no milk, to produce milk.
- He spit into Ali's sick eye, during the Battle of Khaybar, and it became healthy.
- His companions would hear the food before him praising God.
- He caused it to rain during a drought in Medina.
- Kenneth L. Woodward (10 Jul 2001). The Book of Miracles: The Meaning of the Miracle Stories in Christianity, Judaism, Buddhism, Hinduism and Islam (reprint ed.). Simon and Schuster. p. 189. ISBN 9780743200295.
- Denis Gril, Miracles, Encyclopedia of the Qur'an
- David D. Grafton (15 Dec 2009). Piety, Politics, and Power: Lutherans Encountering Islam in the Middle East. Section 8: Wipf and Stock Publishers. ISBN 9781630877187.
These Christian apologies argued that the Qur'an itself denies that Muhammad provided any miracles to prove his identity as a prophet...
- F. E. Peters (13 Oct 2010). Jesus and Muhammad: Parallel Tracks, Parallel Lives. Oxford University Press. p. 205. ISBN 9780199780044.
- Kenneth L. Woodward (10 Jul 2001). The Book of Miracles: The Meaning of the Miracle Stories in Christianity, Judaism, Buddhism, Hinduism and Islam (reprint ed.). Simon and Schuster. p. 183. ISBN 9780743200295.
- Ibrāhīm, Zaynab; Aydelott, Sabiha T.; Kassabgy, Nagwa, eds. (1 Jan 2000). Diversity in Language: Contrastive Studies in Arabic and English Theoretical and Applied Linguistics (illustrated ed.). American Univ in Cairo Press. p. 31. ISBN 9789774245787.
- David Whitten Smith; Elizabeth Geraldine Burr (21 Aug 2014). Understanding World Religions: A Road Map for Justice and Peace (2 ed.). Rowman & Littlefield. p. 142. ISBN 9781442226449.
- Brown, Brian Arthur, ed. (1 Jan 2014). Three Testaments: Torah, Gospel, and Quran (illustrated, reprint ed.). Rowman & Littlefield. p. 403. ISBN 9781442214934.
- Edward Sell (5 Nov 2013). The Faith of Islam. Routledge. p. 218. ISBN 9781136391699.
- Laurence Edward Browne (1933). The Eclipse of Christianity in Asia: From the Time of Muhammad Till the Fourteenth Century. Cambridge University Press Archive. p. 90.
- Daniel W. Brown (4 Mar 1999). Rethinking Tradition in Modern Islamic Thought (reprint, revised ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 65. ISBN 9780521653947.
- Patricia Blundell; Trevor Jordan (7 Mar 2012). Exploring Religion and Ethics: Religion and Ethics for Senior Secondary Students. Cambridge University Press. pp. 129–30. ISBN 9780521187169.
- Leaman, Oliver, ed. (2006). The Qur'an: An Encyclopedia (illustrated, reprint, annotated ed.). Taylor & Francis. p. 423. ISBN 9780415326391.
- F. E. Peters (13 Oct 2010). Jesus and Muhammad: Parallel Tracks, Parallel Lives. Oxford University Press. p. 153. ISBN 9780199781379.
- Kenneth L. Woodward (10 Jul 2001). The Book of Miracles: The Meaning of the Miracle Stories in Christianity, Judaism, Buddhism, Hinduism and Islam (reprint ed.). Simon and Schuster. p. 186. ISBN 9780743200295.
- Sarah Stroumsa (1 Jan 1999). Freethinkers of Medieval Islam: Ibn Al-Rawāndī, Abū Bakr Al-Rāzī and Their Impact on Islamic Thought. BRILL. pp. 51–2, 57. ISBN 9789004113749.
- Kenneth L. Woodward (10 Jul 2001). The Book of Miracles: The Meaning of the Miracle Stories in Christianity, Judaism, Buddhism, Hinduism and Islam (reprint ed.). Simon and Schuster. p. 188. ISBN 9780743200295.
- Kenneth L. Woodward (10 Jul 2001). The Book of Miracles: The Meaning of the Miracle Stories in Christianity, Judaism, Buddhism, Hinduism and Islam (reprint ed.). Simon and Schuster. pp. 197–8. ISBN 9780743200295.
- Ibn Kathir (2004). Book of Evidences : The Miracles of the Prophet ( P. B. U. H. ). Islamic Books.
- Bediuzzaman Said Nursi (22 Apr 2014). Prophet Muhammad and His Miracles. Işık Yayıncılık Ticaret. ISBN 9781597846172.