Miraflores District, Lima
Miraflores is one of the wealthiest residential districts in Lima.
Location of Miraflores in the Lima province
|Founded||January 2, 1857|
|• Mayor||Jorge Muñoz|
|• Total||9.62 km2 (3.71 sq mi)|
|Elevation||79 m (259 ft)|
|Population (2005 census)|
|• Density||9,600/km2 (25,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PET (UTC-5)|
Originally founded as San Miguel de Miraflores, it was established officially as a district on January 2, 1857. As a result of the Battle of Miraflores fought during the War of the Pacific, Miraflores got the designation of Ciudad Heroica ("Heroic City"). The current mayor is Jorge Muñoz. The district's postal code is 18.
- North: San Isidro and Surquillo
- East: Surquillo and Santiago de Surco
- South: Barranco and Santiago de Surco
- West: Pacific Ocean
Climate Miraflores has a marine climate, characterized by mild, humid and comfortable conditions. Temperatures oscillate from 14 °C (57 °F) to 19 °C (66 °F) in winter, and from 19 °C (66 °F) to 28 °C (82 °F) in summer. Low clouds are frequent, especially during winter, when morning drizzles are not uncommon. Heavy rain is almost unseen.
The only pre-Inca ruin remaining in Miraflores, Huaca Pucllana (formerly Hispanicized as Juliana) can still be seen. The Spanish town of Miraflores was established in the 16th century. However it was merged into the Lima Metropolitan Area as the city expanded during the early 20th century. During the War of the Pacific(1879–1885), the district was the scene of the Battle of Miraflores. Two thousand people died as a result and the district was sacked and burned by Chilean invaders.
|This section requires expansion. (May 2008)|
According to a 2002 estimate by the INEI, the district has 92,815 inhabitants and a population density of 9,648.1 persons/km². In 1999, there were 27,489 households in the district.
Culture and education
The district is also a cultural center, with theaters, cinemas and art galleries. It also has a pre-Inca mud-brick temple called the Huaca Pucllana, one of a number of archaeological sites found in Lima.
In terms of education, the Miraflores district lodges some of the most prestigious high schools in Peru, such as Markham College, and San Silvestre School (British schools), Deutsche Schule Alexander von Humboldt Lima (German school), Pestalozzi (Swiss school) and Carmelitas School. It also lodges the University of Piura.
The district is full of hotels, cafés, pubs, restaurants and shops, which draw large crowds of the local population on Sundays. Parque Kennedy, Miraflores' central plaza, regularly has flea markets and art exhibitions. Larcomar, a shopping mall overlooking the Pacific coast, is located in Miraflores, and is very popular among tourists, young people, and the middle and upper classes. There are restaurants, stores, a food court, ice cream shops, arcades, bowling alleys, nightclubs, bars, and the most modern cinema in Lima.
The Calle de las Pizzas ("Pizza Street") in downtown Miraflores, a favourite among Lima's teenagers and young adults, has many pubs that fill with people every weekend.
Miraflores has always been a major hub for tourists in Lima. There are a number of hotels in the area, including a couple of international hotel brands (Hilton and Ritz Carlton) which have projects planned for construction in 2009. Furthermore, there are several shops selling souvenirs and tourist products. The Miraflores Park Hotel is one of the districts 5-star hotels.
The Costa Verde ("green coast") area has several beaches, which draw surfers and beachgoers during the summertime. However, these rocky beaches are not as popular with bathers as the large, sandy beaches in the districts south of Lima, such as Santa María del Mar, Punta Hermosa and Punta Negra. Larcomar Shopping Center is located on a cliff overlooking the Costa Verde.
Paragliders launch from the coastal ridge, wind providing.
- "Directory: World Airlines." Flight International. March 23–29, 2004. "Lan Peru" 98.
- "Our Offices in Peru." Aeroperú. August 13, 1997. Retrieved on March 14, 2010.
- "World Airline Directory." Flight International. March 20–26, 1996. "Aeroperu" 44.
- Pensacola Sister Cities
Lima travel guide from Wikivoyage
- (Spanish) Municipalidad de Miraflores - Miraflores District Council official website
- (Spanish) Museo de Sitio Huaca Pucllana (Pucllana Museum Site)
- (Spanish) Huaca Pucllana Photo Gallery - Huaca Pucllana in Miraflores Photo Gallery
- (English) Miraflores A Magnificent City - Pictures
- (English) 5.03 Gigapixel Photo of Miraflores - 5.03 Gigapixel Photo of Miraflores
- (English) Street View of Miraflores Larco Mar