Miramar Air Show
|Miramar Air Show|
Blue Angels' "Fat Albert" C-130
|Venue||Marine Corps Air Station Miramar|
|Location(s)||San Diego, California|
|Activity||Military and civilian aerobatic displays|
The Miramar Air Show is an annual air show held at Marine Corps Air Station Miramar in San Diego, California. The three-day event is the largest military air show in the United States, with total annual attendance estimated at 700,000. The show is held in October coinciding with Fleet Week activities in San Diego. The 2011 show was the 56th edition of the event, and celebrated the 100th anniversary of naval aviation. In 2007, the Miramar Air Show was voted the "World's Best Military Air Show" by the International Council of Air Shows, the first time the award was given to a Marine Corps air station since 1994.
The show includes a large selection of "static" (non-flying) displays representing aircraft from the United States Marine Corps, Navy, Army and Air Force, as well as civilian and historic military aircraft. Numerous commercial vendors, recruiting displays representing all of the United States armed forces, area law enforcement recruiters, civilian flight organizations and a business and franchise fair are also on site.
The show's daily performance schedule includes military and civilian aircraft, usually highlighted by the U.S. Navy Flight Demonstration Squadron, the Blue Angels, and is largely the same for all three days, with an extra "twilight show" on Saturday night only. Mornings are largely taken up by civilian performers, with military and more civilian performers in the afternoon. The Saturday "twilight" show includes military and civilian performers, a fireworks display and the detonation of the "Great Wall of Fire" pyrotechnic display.
The show features more than 100 military and civilian aircraft on static display. The particular aircraft on hand changes each year depending on availability. Most aircraft can be toured by visitors, with active-duty service personnel on hand to answer questions. The displays are informally grouped into areas representing:
- Air Force transport planes and bombers such as the C-5 Galaxy, C-17 Globemaster, KC-135 Stratotanker and C-130 Hercules, and B-52 Stratofortress, as well as fighter aircraft such as the F-16 Falcon, F-15 Eagle and F-22 Raptor, and other support and training aircraft;
- "Squadron Row," an area of booths staffed by units based at Miramar and Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton, as well as other Marine Corps bases, to meet the public and sell merchandise to support squadron activities, and to display squadron aircraft including fixed-wing (F/A-18 Hornet and AV-8B Harriers) and rotor-wing (AH-1 Cobra, MV-22 Osprey, CH-46 Sea Knight and CH-53 Sea Stallion) vehicles;
- The MAGTF area with rotor-wing and tilt-rotor aircraft representing units based at Miramar and nearby Camp Pendleton, and infantry units from Pendleton and other installations demonstrating M1 Abrams tanks, LAV-25 Light Armored Vehicles, support vehicles, artillery systems and infantry weapons;
- a "War Birds" area representing WWII-era aircraft, aircraft from the Korean War and Vietnam War era, and aircraft from foreign countries;
- Recruiting and informational displays by most branches of the U.S. armed forces, area law enforcement agencies, the Border Patrol, the Civil Air Patrol, and other civilian organizations.
Most years the performance schedule is highlighted by the U.S. Navy's Flight Demonstration Squadron, the Blue Angels, who perform each day of the show. In 2007, the United States Air Force Air Demonstration Squadron, the Thunderbirds, performed at the show (the two teams never perform together ). These performances mark the end of each day's aerial performance schedule, except for the Saturday twilight show.
Separately, the Navy's F/A-18 Super Hornet and USMC AV-8B Harrier usually fly individual demonstrations. The MV-22 Osprey has also been featured since the 2011 show. Though focused on Marine Corps and Navy assets, the show also regularly includes U.S Air Force aircraft including the F-22 Raptor. The U.S. Army Golden Knights Parachute Team is also a frequent part of the show, and often jumps during the twilight show. Since 1999, the show has also featured a Navy Legacy Flight, where modern jets fly in formation with aircraft from previous eras in celebration of military veterans and naval aviation history.
The show also attracts a number of civilian performers from the U.S. air show circuit, flying prop planes, jet aircraft and gliders. Frequent performers include Sean Tucker's Oracle Challenger, the Red Bull Helicopter (a modified Messerschmitt-Bölkow Blohm BO-105 capable of aerobatic maneuvers), and the "Shockwave" Jet Truck, which also perform during the twilight show. There is an also a selection of radio-controlled planes.
A major element of each year's show is the MAGTF Demo, a simulated assault by numerous Marine Corps units that demonstrates the air, ground and logistical elements of the Marine Air Ground Task Force. The demonstration is performed each day of the show and features an array of fixed-wing and rotor-wing aircraft—F/A-18 Hornet and AV-8B Harrier jets, CH-53 Sea Stallion, CH-46 Sea Knight, AH-1 Super Cobra and UH-1N Huey helicopters and KC-130 Hercules tankers—all in the air simultaneously. The Hornet and Harrier jets take turns flying simulated attack runs and demonstrate mid-air refueling with the KC-130. The Sea Stallion and Sea Knight helicopters also demonstrate refueling, then deliver Marine Corps ground troops and equipment to the airfield, while the Cobra gunships simulate attack and air cover roles. In 2010 the Marine Corps' MV-22 Osprey tilt-rotor aircraft joined the MAGTF demo, also ferrying in troops. The UH-1N Huey delivers a team of Marine infantry via a fast-rope insertion, where they simulate calling in a naval artillery barrage, then retrieves them in a Special Patrol Insertion/Extraction maneuver. On the ground, Marine infantry simulate an advance on an enemy position, joined by M-1 Abrams tanks, Light Armored Vehicles and Humvees. Throughout the demonstration the attacks are punctuated by controlled pyrotechnic explosions, culminating in a "wall of fire" detonation. An air and ground review concludes each performance.
Prior to 1998, the Miramar installation was operated by the Navy as Naval Air Station Miramar, and the Navy produced the Miramar Air Show. The Marine Corps aircraft squadrons based in the region at that time, and since shortly after WWII, were located at Marine Corps Air Station Tustin and Marine Corps Air Station El Toro near Los Angeles, where the Marines had produced their own annual air show since 1950. In 1993, the Base Realignment and Closure Commission announced that MCAS El Toro and MCAS Tustin would be closed and the Miramar facility transferred to the Marine Corps. The final Marine Corps air show at El Toro was held in 1997, drawing two million visitors; the final Navy-produced Miramar Air Show was held later the same year. In 1998, the Marine Corps took over production of the show at Miramar.
- Marine Corps Air Station Miramar
- United States Marine Corps Aviation
- Active United States Marine Corps aircraft squadrons
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