|Anthem: Miranda State Anthem|
|• Governor||Henrique Capriles Radonski (2012–2016)|
|• Total||7,950 km2 (3,070 sq mi)|
|0.87% of Venezuela|
|• Density||340/km2 (870/sq mi)|
|10.36% of Venezuela|
|ISO 3166 code||VE-M|
|Emblematic tree||Roso blanco (Brownea leucantha)|
Miranda (Spanish: Estado Miranda, IPA: [esˈtaðo miˈɾanda]) is one of the 23 states (estados) of Venezuela and the second most populous after Zulia State. As of June 30, 2010, it has approximately 2,987,968 residents. It also has the greatest Human Development Index in Venezuela, according to the Venezuelan National Institute of Statistics. Miranda is an important center for political, economic, cultural and commercial activities. The state relies on a government of 21 municipal mayor-ships and one governor.
Miranda State covers a total surface area of 7,955 km².
Miranda State was named on June 5, 1899, in honor of Generalissimo Francisco de Miranda, one of the precursors —known collectively as Libertadores— of the independence of the Americas. The region was formerly known as Guzmán Blanco state. It was inhabited initially by indigenous tribes: Los Teques, Los Caracas, Los Mariches, Los Guarenas and Los Quiriquires. When Spanish conquerors arrived, they used the coastal zone for the cultivation of cocoa, and settled with their families in the Altos Mirandinos, Guarenas, and the Caracas east. The Spanish conquerors brought along African slaves for use as agricultural laborers.
During the colonial period, the territory was part of the jurisdiction of Borburata. For almost half of the 19th century, it was part of the Province of Caracas. In 1864, the province of Caracas was renamed Bolivar. Caracas (the Province) was renamed because the city of Caracas ceased to be part of the province and became part of the Federal District. In 1868, with the triumph of the Revolución Azul (Blue Revolution), led by José Tadeo Monagas, three more departments were added to the province. In 1881, the provinces of Bolívar and Margarita Island were merged into the Guzmán Blanco state This reorganization was part of a larger restructuring of Venezuela into 9 states that took place in 1881.
In December 1889, the entity that formed Bolívar was renamed to Miranda, while retaining its capital's name of Bolivia. Three years later, its name was changed to the Great State of Miranda. On August 5, 1909, with the promulgation of a new constitution, the existence of 20 states, a Federal District, two federal territories and federal dependencies were introduced. Miranda took on its current borders at this time. The capital was Ocumare del Tuy, until February 13, 1927 when it was moved to Los Teques.
Law and government
- State government: The constitution of Venezuela specifies that the state government is divided into executive and legislative branches. The executive government is directed by the governor, while the legislative government is managed by the Legislative Council. The Governor of Miranda is the head of the executive power of the state. According to Article 160 of the Constitution of Venezuela, the governor must be Venezuelan, older than twenty-five years, must not be a member of the clergy, is chosen by a four year term by simple majority, and can be reelected. The current governor is Henrique Capriles Radonski.
- Municipal government: The constitution of Venezuela specifies that municipal governments be divided into executive and legislative branches. The executive government of the municipality is governed by the mayor, while the legislative government is managed by the Municipal council. Miranda comprises 21 municipalities (municipios).
Municipalities and municipal seats
Miranda state is sub-divided into 21 municipalities, given below with their areas, populations and administrative seats:
|2.||Andrés Bello||114||20,119||San José de Barlovento|
|3.||Baruta||86||260,853||Nuestra Señora del Rosario de Baruta|
|9.||El Hatillo||81||54,225||El Hatillo|
|11.||Independencia||284||126,999||Santa Teresa del Tuy|
|12.||Lander||478||108,970||Ocumare del Tuy|
|13.||Los Salias||51||60,723||San Antonio de los Altos|
|15.||Paz Castillo||408||83,976||Santa Lucía|
|18.||Simón Bolívar||131||31,944||San Francisco de Yare|
Other important towns
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Miranda (state).|
- Information about the region of the Tuy Valley
- Notices about the region of Barlovento at Barloventoardiente.com