Mirando City, Texas

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Mirando City, Texas
CDP
Mirando City water tower
Mirando City water tower
Location of Mirando City, Texas
Location of Mirando City, Texas
Coordinates: 27°26′26″N 98°59′57″W / 27.44056°N 98.99917°W / 27.44056; -98.99917Coordinates: 27°26′26″N 98°59′57″W / 27.44056°N 98.99917°W / 27.44056; -98.99917
Country United States
State Texas
County Webb
Established 1881
Area
 • Total 11.1 sq mi (28.7 km2)
 • Land 11.1 sq mi (28.7 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 786 ft (231 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 493
 • Density 44.5/sq mi (17.2/km2)
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CST (UTC-5)
Zip Code 78369
Area code(s) +1 - 361
FIPS code 48-48756[1]
GNIS feature ID 1341732[2]
Nearest Airports: Laredo: Laredo International Airport KLRD LRD Nuevo Laredo: Quetzalcoatl International Airport MMNL NLD
U.S. Post Office in Mirando City
Ernesto J. Salinas Memorial Community Center
St. Agnes Roman Catholic Mission in Mirando City

Mirando City is a census-designated place (CDP) in Webb County, Texas, United States. The population was 493 at the 2000 census. The town gets its name from Nicolás Mirando, a Spanish land grantee. The population of Mirando City was highest in 1929, at an estimated 1500. The peyote cactus thrives in and around Mirando City and nearby Oilton, and is a clandestine source of income for residents. Peyoteros have harvested peyote in Mirando City for over a hundred years.

Mirando City was the center of the South Texas Oil Boom, launched in 1921 by the industrialist Oliver Winfield Killam of Laredo.

History[edit]

O. W. Killiam established the community in 1921.[3]

Geography[edit]

Mirando City is located at 27°26′26″N 98°59′57″W / 27.44056°N 98.99917°W / 27.44056; -98.99917 (27.440631, -98.999170)[4].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 11.1 square miles (28.7 km²), all of it land.

It is 30 miles (48 km) southeast of Laredo.[3]

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 493 people, 145 households, and 108 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 44.5 people per square mile (17.2/km²). There were 205 housing units at an average density of 18.5/sq mi (7.1/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 85.80% White, 0.20% Native American, 0.81% Asian, 10.95% from other races, and 2.23% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 91.89% of the population.

There were 145 households out of which 48.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.4% were married couples living together, 8.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.5% were non-families. 22.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.40 and the average family size was 4.16.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 39.6% under the age of 18, 7.1% from 18 to 24, 23.1% from 25 to 44, 19.7% from 45 to 64, and 10.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females there were 90.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.8 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $24,375, and the median income for a family was $30,221. Males had a median income of $25,250 versus $18,250 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $9,553. About 22.2% of families and 26.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.3% of those under age 18 and 35.6% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Mirando City is served by the Webb Consolidated Independent School District.

Mirando City residents attend:

Prior to 1994 Webb CISD served only Bruni and Oilton. Mirando City Independent School District served the community of Mirando City from 1923 to 2005. Prior to 1994 all Mirando City children attended Mirando City ISD schools. After the spring semester of 1994, Mirando High School closed.[5] Therefore, from Fall 1994 to July 1, 2005, WCISD served high schoolers from Mirando City while Mirando Elementary School in the Mirando City ISD served students from kindergarten through 8th grade. On May 9, 2005 the Texas Education Agency ordered the closure of Mirando City ISD. The district closed on July 1, 2005, and all students were rezoned to Webb CISD schools.[6] All of Mirando City's children now go to Webb CISD schools.

Lala's Cafe[edit]

Historical marker at Lala's Café in Mirando City

Mirando City's main business is Lala's Cafe, a Texas-Mexican restaurant on Main Street which opened in 1953 and moved to its current location in 1964 across the street from the original site. Despite its modest simplicity, Lala's is popular throughout the region and has been the subject of numerous newspaper and magazine articles, Lala's received an historical marker from the Webb County Historical Association on January 4, 2014.[7]

Founded by the late Eduarda Rodriguez, who died in 1973, the café is now operated by her daughter, Mariana Rodriguez. Michael Black, who did the research for the historical association which led to the marker, said it was rare to know the subject of his work, but he had known Rodriguez for twenty-three years. Frank Staggs (born 1960), recalls having eaten at Lala's since he was a young boy. Staggs told the Laredo Morning Times: "Lala was a wonderful lady, and she meant a lot to this town. I know people in Houston and East Texas who ask me if Lala's is still in Mirando City, and I tell them, 'Yes, it is.'"[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b "Progress Report Mirando City Independent School District." Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts. October 2003. Retrieved on October 2, 2011.
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ Mirando City, Texas from the Handbook of Texas Online
  6. ^ Bogan, Jesse. "A school district counts its final days." San Antonio Express-News. May 9, 2005. 01A. Retrieved on April 11, 2009.
  7. ^ a b Philip Balli, "Historical Marker Dedication and Unveiling Ceremony: Lala's Café served Honor: Iconic eatery gets marker", Laredo Morning Times, January 5, 2014

External links[edit]