Mirbat

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Mirbat
Town
One of Mirbat's several dilapidated Yemeni-style mud-brick structures
One of Mirbat's several dilapidated Yemeni-style mud-brick structures
Mirbat is located in Oman
Mirbat
Mirbat
Location in Oman
Coordinates: 16°59′19″N 54°41′32″E / 16.98861°N 54.69222°E / 16.98861; 54.69222Coordinates: 16°59′19″N 54°41′32″E / 16.98861°N 54.69222°E / 16.98861; 54.69222
Country  Oman
Governorate Dhofar Governorate
Time zone +4 (UTC+4)

Mirbat (Arabic: مرباط‎) is a coastal town in the Dhofar governorate, in southwestern Oman. It is located at about 16°59′19″N 54°41′32″E / 16.98861°N 54.69222°E / 16.98861; 54.69222. It was the site of the 1972 Battle of Mirbat between Communist guerrillas on one side and the Armed forces of the Sultan of Oman and their Special Air Service advisers.

Ash Shihr was involved in the export of frankincense in ancient times, to be traded as far as China. The Chinese writer and customs inspector Zhao Rugua wrote on the origin of Frankincense being traded to China:

"Ruxiang or xunluxiang comes from the three Dashi countries of Murbat (Maloba), Shihr (Shihe), and Dhofar (Nufa), from the depths of the remotest mountains.[1] The tree which yields this drug may generally be compared to the pine tree. Its trunk is notched with a hatchet, upon which the resin flows out, and, when hardened, turns into incense, which is gathered and made into lumps. It is transported on elephants to the Dashi (on the coast), who then load it upon their ships to exchange it for other commodities in Sanfoqi. This is the reason why it is commonly collected at and known as a product of Sanfoqi."[2]

Ruxiang was the Chinese name for frankincense, and Dashi the Chinese name for Arabia.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ralph Kauz (2010). Ralph Kauz, ed. Aspects of the Maritime Silk Road: From the Persian Gulf to the East China Sea. Volume 10 of East Asian Economic and Socio-cultural Studies - East Asian Maritime History. Otto Harrassowitz Verlag. p. 130. ISBN 3-447-06103-0. Retrieved December 26, 2011. "The frankincense was first collected in the Hadhramaut ports of Mirbat, Shihr, and Zufar whence Arab merchant vessels shipped it to Srivijaya, before it was then reexported to China. The term "xunluxiang" is derived form the Arab word "kundur". . . According to Li Xun, frankincense originally came from Persia.92 Laufer refers to the Xiangpu fftff by Hong Chu %Ws (? . . . Zhao Rugua notes: Ruxiang or xunluxiang comes from the three Dashi countries of Murbat (Maloba), Shihr (Shihe), and Dhofar (Nufa), from the depths of the remotest mountains. The tree which yields this drug may generally be compared to the pine tree. Its trunk is notched with a hatchet, upon which the" 
  2. ^ Ralph Kauz (2010). Ralph Kauz, ed. Aspects of the Maritime Silk Road: From the Persian Gulf to the East China Sea. Volume 10 of East Asian Economic and Socio-cultural Studies - East Asian Maritime History. Otto Harrassowitz Verlag. p. 131. ISBN 3-447-06103-0. Retrieved December 26, 2011. "resin flows out, and, when hardened, turns into incense, which is gathered and made into lumps. It is transported on elephants to the Dashi (on the coast), who then load it upon their ships to exchange it for other commodities in Sanfoqi. This is the reason why it is commonly collected at and known as a product of Sanfoqi.94" 

See also[edit]