Mircea Dinescu

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Mircea Dinescu
Born (1950-11-11) November 11, 1950 (age 63)
Slobozia, Ialomița County, Romania
Nationality Romanian
Occupation Poet, Journalist, Editing
Parents Ştefan Dinescu

Mircea Dinescu (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈmirt͡ʃe̯a diˈnesku]; born November 11, 1950) is a Romanian poet, journalist and editor.

Biography[edit]

Early life and poetry[edit]

He was born in Slobozia, the son of Ştefan Dinescu, a metalworker and Aurelia (born Badea). Dinescu studied at the Faculty of Journalism of the Ștefan Gheorghiu Academy, and was considered a gifted young poet during his youth, with several poetry volumes published.

Dissidency[edit]

In August 1988, Dinescu was invited by the USSR Union of Writers in the Soviet Union and on 25 August, he gave an interview to the Romanian section of the Voice of Russia.[1] During the interview, he expressed his support for the Glasnost and Perestroika policies of the Soviet Union.[1]

After returning to Bucharest, he invited some friends (including Gabriel Liiceanu, Alexandru Paleologu and Andrei Pleșu) to write a protest against Ceaușescu's policies that were destroying Romanian culture and villages, but they failed to reach a consensus on the text and Dinescu decided to write his own protest.[2] The members of the group were then visited by the Securitate, which argued that their actions were done under KGB orders as an attack against Romania, not against Ceaușescu.[2]

His book, Moartea citeşte ziarul ("Death is reading the newspaper") was turned down in 1988 by the Communist regime's censorship apparatus,[2] and was then published in Amsterdam.

On March 17, 1989 he was fired from România Literară literary magazine,[1] as a result of an anti-totalitarian interview against President Nicolae Ceauşescu, which Dinescu had granted to the French newspaper Libération in December 1988.[3] According to him, the reason for dismissal was "receiving visits from diplomats and journalists from Socialist and capitalist countries without permission".[4] He was held under house arrest, with his house guarded 24/7, all visits banned; he was allowed to go outside just for shopping, but always flanked by two Securitate officers.[4]

Dinescu got support from seven writers (Geo Bogza, Ștefan Augustin Doinaș, Dan Hăulică, Octavian Paler, Andrei Pleșu, Alexandru Paleologu and Mihail Şora), who wrote a letter to Dumitru Radu Popescu, the President of the Writers' Union, asking him "to undo an injustice". Despite the original authors' secrecy (thy didn't publish it abroad), six of them (all, except for Geo Bogza, a veteran socialist) were forbidden to publishing.[4] He got additional support from poet Doina Cornea, literary critics Alexandru Călinescu and Radu Enescu,[5] and, in November 1989, a collective of 18 young academics and writers, who also wrote letters to Popescu.[6]

Despite being isolated, Dinescu noticed that with a handful of exceptions, the writers did not protest against the oppression of the regime. On November 11, he wrote a statement in which he attacked the Romanian intelligentsia for their sycophancy for Ceaușescu, the Romanian Orthodox Church for being "trade unionists in religious vestments", journalists for being 'apostles of the personality cult" and writer for being "trusted handmaidens of the party".[7]

Revolution[edit]

In December 1989 he took a preeminent part in the Romanian Revolution, taking part in the occupation of the National Television building by the people of Bucharest. According to popular rumors, his fellow revolutionary Ion Caramitru, unaware of being filmed, addressed Dinescu the words "Mircea, fă-te că lucrezi!" ("Mircea, pretend you are working!"); this version of events was argued by political adversaries to constitute proof that the Revolution was a carefully staged front for a coup d'état. According to the investigation of Alex Mihai Stoenescu, Caramitru actually said "Mircea, arăţi că lucrezi" ("Mircea, it seems you're working [on something]" — while holding Dinescu's booklet in front of camera), to which Dinescu replied "La un apel" ("[I'm working] on an appeal [to the people]") — which was indicative of their ill-preparedness and preoccupation in quickly drafting a single revolutionary proclamation on the spot.[8]

Journalist after 1989[edit]

After the fall of Communism, he co-founded Academia Caţavencu, the most famous Romanian satirical magazine. He quit the publication in 1998 and went on founding his own publications, Plai cu Boi (loosely translated as "Land of the Dumb") - a satirical Playboy-style magazine and Aspirina Săracului (The Poor Man's Aspirin - a humorous reference to sexual intercourse) - a weekly satirical magazine.

He invested a part of the money he earned from the books published into agriculture, his estate makes the wine sold under the name Vinul Moşierului ("Landlord's wine") — the name is a tongue-in-cheek reference to an ironic comment President Ion Iliescu had made about Dinescu's social status.

Dinescu remains a strong and charismatic voice of the civil society. As member of Consiliul Naţional pentru Studierea Arhivelor Securităţii (National Council for Studying the Archives of the Securitate), he is particularly concerned with exposing the former officers and collaborators of Securitate. He is also a strong critic of Communism and of Romanian leaders that had connections with the Communist regime.

Although not politically involved, he openly supported Traian Băsescu's candidature for President of Romania during the 2004 elections.

In May 2005, in collaboration with the journalist Cristian Tudor Popescu, he started a new newspaper called Gândul, with an initial circulation of 100,000 copies, but he sold his shares in July 2006. He and Stelian Tănase host a talk show on Realitatea TV (Tănase şi Dinescu).

Dinescu was appointed a Commander of the Order of the Star of Romania. In 1991, he became an Honorary Member of the University of Augsburg.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Deletant, p. 279
  2. ^ a b c Deletant, p. 280
  3. ^ Deletant, p. 281
  4. ^ a b c Deletant, p. 283
  5. ^ Deletant, p. 286-8
  6. ^ Deletant, p. 289
  7. ^ Deletant, p. 289-290
  8. ^ Alex Mihai Stoenescu, "Decembrie '89 - Revoluţia română, în direct" ("December '89 - the Romanian revolution, live in front of cameras"), in Jurnalul Naţional, December 13, 2005

References[edit]

  • Dennis Deletant, Ceaușescu and the Securitate: Coercion and Dissent in Romania, 1965-1989, M.E. Sharpe, London, 1995, ISBN 1-56324-633-3.