She composed over 150 works for piano, songs and other instrumental and orchestral works and performed as a concert pianist with eminent conductors including Sir Malcolm Sargent, Constant Lambert, Georg Schnéevoigt, Sir Bernard Heinze and Geoffrey Simon. She also had books of poetry published, and wrote an autobiography.
Miriam Hyde was born in Adelaide in 1913. Music was an important part of her family life: her mother, Muriel, played and taught piano; her aunt, Clarice Gmeiner, played violin, viola and harp with the South Australian Symphony Orchestra; and her younger sister, Pauline, played violin and sang. Her early music lessons were provided by her mother, but in 1925 she won a scholarship to attend the Elder Conservatorium of Music in Adelaide.
After completing her Bachelor of Music degree in 1931, she won an Elder Scholarship to the Royal College of Music in London, which she attended from 1932 to 1936. Her teachers were R. O. Morris and Gordon Jacob for composition, and Howard Hadley and Arthur Benjamin for piano. She won several composition prizes while at the College, including the Cobbett Prize. However, during this time she also suffered a nervous collapse, and her mother went to England to be with her.
Hyde gave her first recital at Holland Park in 1933, while studying in London, and in 1934 her Piano Concerto No. 1 in E-flat minor was performed by the London Philharmonic Orchestra. It was conducted by Leslie Heward and Miriam Hyde performed the solo part herself. She saw many of the great musicians of the time, including Rachmaninoff, Stravinsky, Prokofiev, Yehudi Menuhin and Elisabeth Schumann.
She returned to Adelaide in 1936, and soon after moved to Sydney, where she worked for several decades as a composer, recitalist, teacher, examiner and lecturer. It was here that she also met her husband, Marcus Edwards, whom she married in 1939 and with whom she had two children, Christine Carolyn (1950) and Robert (1952). During the war years, while her husband was interned as a German prisoner of war after being captured on Crete, she taught in Adelaide, returning to Sydney at the end of hostilities.
Major works from the post-war period included the Piano Sonata in G minor, a second piano concerto, the Happy Occasion Overture, the Kelso Overture, and Village Fair. One of her most famous works is the piano piece Valley of Rocks (1975).
Her life in music was supplemented by her poetry. She wrote close to 500 poems, some of which she set to music.
In 1981 she was made an Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) and in 1991 was made an Officer of the Order of Australia (AO). She was awarded an honorary doctorate by Macquarie University in 1993, and in 2004 she received an award for Distinguished Services to Australian Music at the Australian Performing Rights Association and Australian Music Centre Classical Music Awards.
She was appointed Patron of the Music Teachers' Association of South Australia (MTASA) and established the Miriam Hyde Award for the Association.
In 1991 she published her autobiography, titled Complete Accord.
She celebrated her 80th birthday in 1993 by giving a series of recitals throughout the country. Her 90th birthday in 2003 was celebrated with concerts and broadcasts throughout Australia.
Miriam Hyde died in 2005, just a few days before what would have been her 92nd birthday.
Miriam Hyde's compositions include works for orchestra, piano concertos, chamber music, many piano solos, flute solos and more. She wrote in an early 20th-century pastoral style, achieving a highly effective combination of impressionism with post-romanticism.
One of her best-known pieces is the piano solo Valley of Rocks, written in 1975.
Her husband died in 1995 and she ceased writing music at that time.
The expression of words in a poetic form meant as much to Miriam Hyde as the expression of music. In an interview filmed in 1992 she revealed that it was often a matter of chance whether her impressions would be embodied in words or in music.
She wrote two books of poetry, The Bliss of Solitude (1941, Economy Press) and A Few Poems (1942, Economy Press). She also wrote her autobiography, Complete Accord (1991, Currency Press) and donated the royalties to the Elder Scholarship that she won in 1931.
- Johnson, Karen (2004) "The early letters of Miriam Hyde", National Library of Australia News, September 2004
- Vale Dr Miriam Hyde (1913-2005) Accessed: 2009-07-28
- Australian Music Centre: Biography
- Australian Music Centre: List of scores and recordings
- National Library of Australia: Papers of Miriam Hyde
- Wirripang: bio and published works