Mirninsky District

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Mirninsky District
Мирнинский улус (Russian)
Мирнэй улууһа (Sakha)
Mirninsky ulus location.PNG
Location of Mirninsky District in the Sakha Republic
Coordinates: 62°32′N 113°57′E / 62.533°N 113.950°E / 62.533; 113.950Coordinates: 62°32′N 113°57′E / 62.533°N 113.950°E / 62.533; 113.950
Coat of Arms of Mirninskiy rayon (Yakutia).png
Flag of Mirninsky rayon (Yakutia).png
Coat of arms
Flag
Location
Country Russia
Federal subject Sakha Republic[1]
Administrative structure (as of June 2009)
Administrative center town of Mirny[2]
Administrative divisions:[2]
Towns under district jurisdiction 1
Settlements 4
Rural okrugs 3
Inhabited localities:[2]
Cities/towns 2
Urban-type settlements 4
Rural localities 8
Municipal structure (as of December 2008)
Municipally incorporated as Mirninsky Municipal District[3]
Municipal divisions:[4]
Urban settlements 6
Rural settlements 3
Statistics
Area (June 2009) 165,800 km2 (64,000 sq mi)[2]
Population (2010 Census) 38,802 inhabitants[5]
- Urban 92.9%
- Rural 7.1%
Density 0.23/km2 (0.60/sq mi)[6]
Time zone YAKT (UTC+09:00)[7]
Established January 12, 1965[8]
Official website
Mirninsky District on WikiCommons

Mirninsky District (Russian: Ми́рнинский улу́с; Sakha: Мирнэй улууһа) is an administrative[1] and municipal[3] district (raion, or ulus), one of the thirty-four in the Sakha Republic, Russia. It is located in the west of the republic and borders with Olenyoksky District in the north and northeast, Nyurbinsky and Suntarsky Districts in the east, Lensky District in the south, and with Irkutsk Oblast and Krasnoyarsk Krai in the west. The area of the district is 165,800 square kilometers (64,000 sq mi).[2] Its administrative center is the town of Mirny.[2] Population (excluding the administrative center): 38,802 (2010 Census);[5] 46,032 (2002 Census);[9] 51,824 (1989 Census).[10]

Geography[edit]

The main river in the district is the Vilyuy.

Climate[edit]

Average January temperature ranges from −32 °C (−26 °F) in the south to −40 °C (−40 °F) in the north. July's average temperature ranges from +14 °C (57 °F) to +16 °C (61 °F). Average annual precipitation is about 250–300 millimeters (9.8–11.8 in).[8]

History[edit]

The district was established on January 12, 1965,[8] after the beginnings of large-scale diamond mining and associated industry in the area.

The Vilyuy River basin was believed to contain mineral deposits at least as early as the 19th century, with Richard Maack reporting after an expedition to the area that the Vilyuy country was rich in iron, salt deposits and previous stones. He described a nest of blue clay in the area between the Vilyuy and Maly Bituoby rivers, but as kimberlites had not yet been discovered there was no official attention.

Around the beginning on the 20th century, a number of scientists and geologists noted similarities between parts of the Central Siberian Plateau and areas in South Africa, where exploitation of primary diamond deposits had already begun.

In 1937 the Soviet government began to greatly increase effort to produce diamonds on its own territory, due in part to some other diamond-producing nations being unwilling to sell to the USSR. Expeditions were organized in the basins of the Yenisei and the Ural Mountains. The Ural expedition proved the more successful, finding small, but commercially viable deposits.

A further government decree signed by Stalin in 1946 announced further exploration for diamonds, with expeditions mounted from Irkutsk into the region of the Tunguska. The first officially recorded discovery of diamonds in Yakutia (the present-day Sakha Republic) was made in 1949 on an expedition along the Vilyuy. Initially, discoveries centred on placer deposits, which did not uncover the enormous primary deposits in the form of kimberlite pipes.

The first kimberlite deposit Zarnitsa was found on 21 August 1954. Further exploration in 1955 found more than 15 primary deposits, including the largest pipes at Udachny and Mirny. More than 200 kimberlite pipes have since been identified in the Sakha Republic.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2002 census, 67.5% of population are Russians, 9.8% are Ukrainians, 7.6% are Yakuts, 6.5% are Tatars, 1.3% are Buryats.[citation needed]

Economy[edit]

The economy of the district is mostly based on mining. Natural resources include diamonds, oil, gas, and brown coal. Diamond mining is mostly carried out by ALROSA company and its subsidiaries.

Transportation[edit]

Mirninsky District is connected with Yakutsk by the means of the Vilyuy Highway.

Inhabited localities[edit]

Municipal composition
Towns / Cities Population Male Female Inhabited localities in jurisdiction*
Mirny Urban Settlement
(Мирный)
37,188 18,182 (48.9%) 19,006 (51.1%)
  • Town of Mirny (administrative centre of the district)
Udachny Urban Settlement
(Удачный)
12,613 6,444 (51.1%) 6,169 (48.9%)
Urban settlements Population Male Female Inhabited localities in jurisdiction
Aykhal Urban Settlement
(Айхал)
13,803 7,129 (51.6%) 6,674 (48.4%)
Almazny Urban Settlement
(Алмазный)
1,614 778 (48.2%) 836 (51.8%)
Svetly Urban Settlement
(Светлый)
3,137 1,563 (49.8%) 1,574 (50.2%)
  • Urban-type settlement of Svetly
Chernyshevsky Urban Settlement
(Чернышевский)
5,025 2,488 (49.5%) 2,537 (50.5%)
Rural settlements Population Male Female Rural localities in jurisdiction
Botuobuyinsky Nasleg
(Ботуобуйинский)
480 235 (49.0%) 245 (50.0%)
Sadyinsky National Evenk Nasleg
(Садынский национальный эвенкийский)
318 157 (49.4%) 161 (50.6%)
Chuoninsky Nalseg
(Чуонинский)
1,812 889 (49.1%) 923 (50.9%)

Divisional source:[11]
Population source:[5]
*Administrative centers are shown in bold

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Constitution of the Sakha Republic
  2. ^ a b c d e Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic
  3. ^ a b Law #172-Z #351-III
  4. ^ Law #173-Z #354-III
  5. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  6. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  7. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  8. ^ a b c Center of the Socioeconomic and Political Monitoring. Mirninsky District (Russian)
  9. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  10. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  11. ^ Mirninsky Ulus (Raion) Official website of the Sakha Republic

Sources[edit]

  • Верховный Совет Республики Саха (Якутия). 4 апреля 1992 г. «Конституция (основной закон) Республики Саха (Якутия)», в ред. Конституционного закона №1077-З №1035-IV от 8 июня 2012 г. «О внесении изменений и дополнений в Конституцию (основной закон) Республики Саха (Якутия)». Опубликован: "Якутские ведомости", №7, 26 апреля 1992 г. (Supreme Council of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. April 4, 1992 Constitution (Basic Law) of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, as amended by the Constitutional Law #1077-Z No. 1035-IV of June 8, 2012 On Amending and Supplementing the Constitution (Basic Law) of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. ).
  • Государственное Собрание (Ил Тумэн) Республики Саха (Якутия). Закон №172-З №351-III от 30 ноября 2004 г. «Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом муниципального района муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)», в ред. Закона №640-З №173-IV от 29 декабря 2008 г «О внесении изменений в Закон Республики Саха (Якутия) "Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом муниципального района муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Якутия", №245, 31 декабря 2004 г. (State Assembly (Il Tumen) of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. Law #172-Z No. 351-III of November 30, 2004 On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Municipal District Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, as amended by the Law #640-Z No. 173-IV of December 29, 2008 On Amending the Law of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic "On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Municipal District Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Государственное Собрание (Ил Тумэн) Республики Саха (Якутия). Закон №173-З №353-III от 30 ноября 2004 г. «Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом городского и сельского поселений муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)», в ред. Закона №1058-З №1007-IV от 25 апреля 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Республики Саха (Якутия) "Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом городского и сельского поселений муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Якутия", №245, 31 декабря 2004 г. (State Assembly (Il Tumen) of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. Law #173-Z No. 353-III of November 30, 2004 On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Urban and Rural Settlement Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, as amended by the Law #1058-Z No. 1007-IV of April 25, 2012 On Amending the Law of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic "On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Urban and Rural Settlement Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).