September 15, 1941 |
Lipniki, Volhynia, Reichskommissariat Ukraine, Greater German Reich
|Rank||Brigadier General, Polish Air Force|
Time in space
|7d 22h 02m|
|Selection||1976 Intercosmos Group|
Mirosław Hermaszewski (born September 15, 1941), is a retired Polish Air Force officer and cosmonaut. He became the first (and to this day remains the only) Polish national in space when he flew aboard the Soyuz 30 spacecraft in 1978.
Mirosław Hermaszewski was born into a Polish family in Lipniki, Volhynia, formerly in Poland (Wołyń Voivodeship) but at the time part of the Reichskommissariat Ukraine, in present day - Ukraine. He is a survivor of the Volhynian massacres during World War II, during which Ukrainian nationalists murdered 19 members of his family, including his father.
In 1965, he graduated from the military pilot school in Dęblin. In 1978, he was chosen from almost 500 Polish pilots to take part in the Intercosmos space program. Together with Pyotr Klimuk, he spent almost eight days on board the Salyut 6 space station (from 17:27, June 27, 1978 'til 16:31, July 5). During their time in orbit, they carried out geoscience experiments and photographed the Earth.
During the period of martial law in Poland, Hermaszewski was a member of the Military Council of National Salvation (Wojskowa Rada Ocalenia Narodowego, WRON), a military quasi-government. Later, he was a commander of the Fighter Pilots School in Dęblin. In 1988, he was promoted to general.
Between 1991 and 1992, Hermaszewski served as a second-in-command of the Headquarters of the Airforce. He is currently retired.
He is married to Emilia Hermaszewska and has two children, Miroslaw (born 1966) and Emilia (born 1974).
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mirosław Hermaszewski.|
- Circumstances of space travel of the first Pole in a documentary by Maciej Odolinski
- Spacefacts biography of Mirosław Hermaszewski