|Elevation||80 m (260 ft)|
|• Density||567/km2 (1,470/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Vehicle registration||UP 63|
|Sex ratio||0.903 (2011) ♂/♀|
|Literacy||68.48% (2011) (78.97%♂; 56.86%♀)|
Mirzapur pronunciation (help·info) is a city in Uttar Pradesh, India, roughly 650 km from both Delhi and Kolkata, almost equidistant (about 60 km) from Allahabad and Varanasi. It has a population of 233,691 (2011 census) and is known for its carpet and brassware industries. The city is surrounded by several hills and is the headquarters of Mirzapur District and is famous for the holy shrine of Vindhyachal.It has many waterfalls and natural spots.It was once the largest district in India.
According to several recorded facts, the Mirzapur was established by the British East India Company in 1735 while the civilization at here was found in 5000 BCE. As a proof of the existence of the lower Paleolithic age culture, the artifacts of prehistoric caves, the painted rocks and other evidences in the Belan River Valley (Belan River, Halia). Here we can find the evidences that are more than 17000 BCE. Some interesting petroglyphs in the sandstone of the Vindhya range are found in Morhana Pahar in Mirzapur district. The depictions of chariots, horses, weapons and people in these works have given rise varied interpretations and findings by historians.
Before the establishment of the town the area was dense forest and freely used by various states like Benaras (Varanasi), Sakteshgadh, Vijay Gadh, Naina Gadh (Chunar), Naugadh, Kantit and Rewa for Hunting. British East India Company has established this area to fulfill the need of a trading center between central and western India. This time Rewa was a well-established state of central India and was directly connected with Mirzapur by the Great Deccan Road. Over the time Mirzapur became a famous trading center of Central India and started trading of cotton, and silk at very large scale.
The East India Company named this place as Mirzapore (मिर्ज़ापुर). The word Mirzapur is derived from 'Mirza' which in turn is derived from the Persian term ‘Amīrzāde which literally means "child of the ‘Amīr" or "child of the ruler". In Persia‘ Amīrzād in turn consists of the Arabic title ‘Amīr (english. "Emir"), meaning "commander", and the Persian suffix -zād, meaning "birth" or "lineage". Due to vowel harmony in Turkic languages, the alternative pronunciation Morza (plural morzalar; derived from the Persian word) is also used. The word entered English in 1595, from the French émir. The meaning of Mirzapore is the place of King. The name changed to Mirzapur after the Indian independence.
Most of the city was established by British officers, but the starting development was founded by the most famous officer of British East India Company "Lord Mercurius Wellesley". As per some evidence the British construction was initiated from Burrier (Bariya) Ghat. Lord Wellesley has reconstructed the Burrier Ghat as a main entrance in Mirzapur by Ganga. Some of the places in Mirzapur was pronounced as per the name of Lord Wellesley, like Wellesleyganj (The first market in Mirzapur), Mukeri Bazar etc. The building of Municipal Corporation is also a precious example of British Constructions.
Mirzapur is located at  It has an average elevation of 80 metres (265 feet). The District of Mirzapur lies between the parallels of 23.52 & 25.32 North latitude and 82.7 and 83.33 East longitude. It forms a portion of the Varanasi district. On the north and north-east it is bounded by the Varanasi district; on the south bounded by Sonbhadra district; on the north-west by Allahabad district. The shape to the north and west is totally regular. In no direction, except for about 13 km. in the north-east where he the Ganges separates the Tehsil of Chunar from the district of Varanasi, has Mirzapur a natural frontier. The Chanvar fields, considered to be one of the most fertile lands tracts in India, are located on Gangetic flood plains of the district.Also, Indian Standard Time is calculated on the basis of 82.5° E longitude, from a clock tower in Mirzapur.
According to Central Statistical organisation the district of Mirzapur had an area of 4521 km2. At the census of 2001, the population of the district is 1657140 (males 1093849 and females 980860) of which 1788203 were living in rural and 286506 in the urban area of the district.
Some geographical locations around Mirzapur district is depicted below
||Sant Ravidas Nagar district||Varanasi district|
|Allahabad district||Chandauli district|
|Rewa district, Madhya Pradesh||Singrauli district, Madhya Pradesh||Sonbhadra district|
As of the[update] 2011 census, Mirzapur-cum-Vindhyachal municipality had a population of 233,691 and the urban agglomeration had a population of 245,817. The municipality had a sex ratio of 869 females per 1,000 males and 11.9% of the population were under six years old. Effective literacy was 78.25%; male literacy was 83.85% and female literacy was 71.80%.
The main business in Mirzapur is carpet manufacturing. Manufacturers range from very small (with less than $100,000 in assets) to medium sized (with around $10M in assets). Most of the carpets are sold internationally as India has a limited market for carpets. The second main business is of metal pots(brass).
Indian Standard Time calculation
Indian Standard Time is calculated from the clock tower in Mirzapur which is nearly exactly on the reference longitude of Indian Standard Time at 82.5°, within 4 angular minutes, a property shared by Tuni, a town in Andhra Pradesh.
For quite some years Mirzapur has been a destination for tourists, particularly for people from adjoining states, owning mainly to the ghats, temples,the famous clock tower(Ghanta Ghar)which are excellent examples of contemporary architecture.  
Temples and mosques
A few miles away from this city is a site of pilgrimage to Hindus known as Vindhyachal where according to the mythology a part of Sati (an Avatar of Durga) fell. The river Ganges flows through this city. Other sites of pilgrimage include Kali Khoh (literally 'the cave of the Goddess Kali') where a statue of the Kali has a mouth formed in the shape of a cave, hence the name. Very close to the city is a waterfall.The city itself has many Ghats (steps to a river). There are a few cinema-halls. At first look the city appears to be a confluence of town, village and city life. Power supply in the city is now regular up to some extent.
Ghanta Ghar(Clock Tower)
The famous Ghanta Ghar of Mirzapur is located in the premises of city corporation, about 3 km from the Mirzapur Railway Station. It was constructed in the year 1891, with its entire structure made up of finely carved stone and a 1000 kg alloy bell hanging from the tall structure.
The Ojhala Bridge was constructed by Mahant Parshuram Giri in Vikram Samvat 1772. This valuable heritage connecting the cities of Mirzapur and Vindhyachal,with fort like minarets and ramparts on the either side of the bridge, provide a fine instance of contemporary architecture.
Cave paintings dated to 800 BCE have also been found in Mirzapur, Mirzapur district,. These show raiding horse-charioteers, one of whom is about to hurl a wheel, and who has potentially been identified as Lord Krishna.
|Adarsh Jain Bal Mandir||Aadarsh Bhartiya Balika Inter College, Ganesh Ganj||GD Binani Degree College Bharuhana Mirzapur|
|Bal Bharti School,Ramai Patti,Mirzapur||Arya Kanya Inter College||Bharatiya Institute of Management & Professional Studies (BIMPS) Welleslyganj, Mirzapur|
|Daffodils Public School,Lohia Talab,Mirzapur||A.S.J Inter College, Mirzapur||Govt. Polytechnic Mirzapur|
|D.C.L Public School,Jasover,Robertsganj,Mirzapur||Bapu Uparaudh Inter College Lalganj, Mirzapur||Kailash Nath Institute of Engineering & Technology,Danghar,Mirzapur|
|Dr. Ramjiyavan Maurya Bedaur, Hallia Mirzapur||Basant vidyalay Inter College||K.B Post Graduate College Mirzapur|
|G.I.C Mahuvariya||B.L.J Inter College||Rastriya Institute of Information Technology (RIIT) Katra Bazirao, Mirzapur|
|Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya Patehara Kalan Mirzapur||Chunar Cement Factory Inter College, Chunar, Mirzapur||K.M College|
|Jaycee Bal Mandir||Daffodils Public School, Lohia Talab||Rajiv Gandhi South Campus Banaras Hindu University Barkachha Mirzapur|
|Kachhwa Christian School,Kachhwa Mirzapur||Government Inter College(Boys)||Shaligram College of Engineering & Technoloy, Ramaipatti, Mirzapur|
|Lions School Mirzapur||Mam Madhav Inter College, Vijaypur, Mirzapur||Chandra Kala Balika Vidyalaya, MIrzapur|
|National Convent School,Morchagarh,Mirzapur||Gurunanak Inter College Awas Vikas Colony.|
|R.R.Public School, Mirzapur||Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya Patehra Kalan, Mirzapur|
|Saraswati Vidya Mandir||Jaycee Kanya Inter College|
|Seth Dwarka Prasad Bajaj Educational center,Mirzapur||Jay Jyoti Inter College, Chunar|
|Shemford Mirzapur||Jyoti Prakash Pandey Vidya Mandir|
|S.N Public School||K.K.K Inter College, Mirzapur|
|St. Mary's School & College Mirzapur||Mata Prasad Mata Bhikh Inter College, Mirzapur|
|Sunita Bal Niketan||Mishri Lal Inter College, Mawaiya, Mirzapur|
|Maa Ganga Shiksha Niketan, Tilthi, Mirzapur||Tiny Tots School||Rajasthan Inter College|
|Vindhyawasini Public School||Shri Krishna Sharda Devi Balika Vidyalaya|
|Vishal Vidya Mandir, Bharuhna||S.M.P.M.B Inter College,Ghantaghar,Mirzapur||Umeda devi inter college chkananda kachhwa mirzapur
About 32 km from Mirzapur is the famous fortress of Chunar.
There are some rock paintings in Mizapur district. Hasauli is the first ever nirmal village which was awarded by president APJ Abdul Kalam and its also famous for its Handicrafts.
Chunar is fort of King Shivdautt . Before 7–8 km from chunar railways station, there is a village Usarahawa on N H-7.
Kachhwa is a town and a nagar panchayat in Mirzapur district, located at 25.22°N 82.72°E. It has an average elevation of 84 metres (275 feet). It is around 30 km. away from Varanasi Cantt. This place is known for Kachhwa Christian hospital, which was set by Christian missionary Dr Neville Everad to provide medical care to the nearby town.it is also popular due to pt. ramkinkar upadhyay