Mishima beef (見島牛 Mishima ushi ) is a small (usually 1-1.2 m tall) cattle breed originating on the tiny Mishima Island outside of Hagi, Yamaguchi Prefecture, Japan. Unlike most other Japanese cattle breeds, Mishima cattle has not been cross-bred with Western cattle. Beef from an F1 mix of a Mishima ox and a Holstein cow is sold under the trademark "Kenrangyu" (見蘭牛). 
- 大辞林 第三版, デジタル大辞泉 http://kotobank.jp/word/%E8%A6%8B%E5%B3%B6%E7%89%9B
- Beef in Japan, Longworth, JW, University of Queensland Press, Australia, 1984.
- American Wagyu Association.
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