Mishkenot Sha’ananim (Hebrew: משכנות שאננים, lit. Peaceful Habitation) was the first Jewish neighborhood built outside the walls of the Old City of Jerusalem, on a hill directly across from Mount Zion. It was the first area of Jewish settlement in Jerusalem outside the Old City walls, also known as the New Yishuv.
Mishkenot Sha'anim was built by British Jewish banker and philanthropist Sir Moses Montefiore in 1860 as an almshouse, paid for by the estate of an American Jewish businessman from New Orleans, Judah Touro. Since it was outside the walls and open to Bedouin raids, pillage and general banditry rampant in the region at the time, the Jews were reluctant to move in, even though the housing was luxurious compared to the derelict and overcrowded houses in the Old City. As an incentive, people were even paid to live there, and a gate was built around the compound with a heavy door that was locked at night. The name of the neighborhood was taken from Book of Isaiah 32:18: "My people will abide in peaceful habitation, in secure dwellings and in quiet resting places."
Rules and regulations of Mishkenot 
According to the original neighborhood charter, inhabitants had to recite daily prayers for their benefactor, Judah Touro, and the almshouse was called by his name.
After 1948 
After the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, when the Old City was captured by the Arabs, Mishkenot Sha'ananim became a no man's land due to its proximity to the armistice line with Jordan, and many residents left in the wake of sniper attacks by Jordanian Arab Legionnaires. Only the poorest inhabitants remained, turning the complex into a slum.
Restoration after the Six-Day War 
In 1973, Mishkenot Sha'ananim was turned into an upscale guesthouse for internationally acclaimed authors, artists and musicians visiting Israel. Apart from guesthouse facilities, it is now a convention center and home of the Jerusalem Music Center. The music center was inaugurated by Pablo Casals shortly before his death.
See also 
- Mishkenot Sha'ananim, jewishvirtuallibrary.org
- Street People, Helga Dudman, Jerusalem Post/Carta, 1982, pp. 21-22
- Jerusalem architectural history
- http://www.jafi.org.il/education/noar/sites/yeminmosh.htm More information about Yemin Moshe
- Konrad Adenauer Conference Center of Mishkenot Sha'ananim
- Jerusalem Photo Archive - Mishkenot Sha’ananim