Mishkenot Sha'ananim

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Mishkenot Sha'ananim guesthouse, restored historical building

Mishkenot Sha’ananim (Hebrew: משכנות שאננים‎, lit. Peaceful Habitation) was the first Jewish neighborhood built outside the walls of the Old City of Jerusalem, on a hill directly across from Mount Zion. It was the first area of Jewish settlement in Jerusalem outside the Old City walls, also known as the New Yishuv.[1][verification needed]

History[edit]

Old Yishuv
A sepia photograph shows three elderly Jewish men sporting beards and holding open books, posing for the camera. Against a backdrop of leafy vegetation, the man in the centre sits, wearing a black hat and caftan, while the two others stand, wearing lighter clothes and turbans.
13th - 19th century Jewish life in the Land of Israel
Key events
Aliya of Nachmanides (1267)
Hebron and Safed massacres (1517)
Revival of Tiberias (1563) • Sack of Tiberias (1660) • Hebron massacre (1834) • Safed attack (1838) • Mishkenot Sha'ananim founded (1860) • Petach Tikva founded (1878)
Key figures
Ishtori Haparchi (d. 1313) • Joseph Saragossi (d. 1507) • Obadiah MiBartenura (d. 1515) • Levi ibn Habib (d. 1545) • Jacob Berab (d. 1546) • Joseph Nasi (d. 1579) • Moses Galante (d. 1689) • Moses ibn Habib (d. 1696) • Yehuda he-Hasid (d. 1700) • Haim Abulafia (d. 1744) • Menachem Mendel (d. 1788) • Haim Farhi (d. 1820) • Jacob Saphir (d. 1886) • Haim Aharon Valero (d. 1923)
Economy
Etrog cultivation • Winemaking
Banking • Printing
Philanthropy
Kollel • Halukka
(Montefiore • Judah Touro)
Communities
Musta'arabimSephardimPerushimHasidim

Jerusalem (Mea Shearim • Mishkenot Sha'ananim) • HebronSafedTiberias
JaffaHaifaPeki'inAccoNablusGazaKafr YasifShefa-'AmrPetach Tikva

Synagogues
Great Academy of Paris (1258)
Ramban (1267)
Abuhav (1490s) • Ari (1570s)
Yochanan ben Zakai (1600s)
Hurva (1700)
Related articles
History of the Jews and Judaism in the Land of IsraelHistory of Zionism (Timeline) • Haredim and ZionismEdah HaChareidisShaDaRYishuvThree Oaths

Ottoman era[edit]

Mishkenot Sha'anim was built by British Jewish banker and philanthropist Sir Moses Montefiore in 1860 as an almshouse, paid for by the estate of an American Jewish businessman from New Orleans, Judah Touro.[2] Since it was outside the walls and open to Bedouin raids, pillage and general banditry rampant in the region at the time, the Jews were reluctant to move in, even though the housing was luxurious compared to the derelict and overcrowded houses in the Old City.[3] As an incentive, people were even paid to live there, and a gate was built around the compound with a heavy door that was locked at night.[4] The name of the neighborhood was taken from Book of Isaiah 32:18: "My people will abide in peaceful habitation, in secure dwellings and in quiet resting places."[2]

Jordanian occupation[edit]

After the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, when the Old City was captured by the Arab Legion, Mishkenot Sha'ananim bordered on no man's land in proximity to the armistice line with the Kingdom of Jordan, and many residents left in the wake of sniper attacks by Jordanian Arab Legionnaires. Only the poorest inhabitants remained, turning the complex into a slum.

Restoration after 1967[edit]

Mishkenot Sha'ananim, together with the rest of Eastern and Old Jerusalem was captured by Israel during the 1967 War.

In 1973, Mishkenot Sha'ananim was turned into an upscale guesthouse for internationally acclaimed authors, artists and musicians visiting Israel.[2] Apart from guesthouse facilities, it is now a convention center and home of the Jerusalem Music Center.[1] The music center was inaugurated by Pablo Casals shortly before his death.[2]

The Jerusalem Center for Ethics was established in Mishkenot Sha’ananim in 1997. The board of directors is headed by Prof. Yitzhak Zamir, a retired justice of the Israeli Supreme Court.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Mishkenot Sha'ananim, jewishvirtuallibrary.org
  2. ^ a b c d Street People, Helga Dudman, Jerusalem Post/Carta, 1982, pp. 21-22
  3. ^ Jerusalem architectural history
  4. ^ [1] More information about Yemin Moshe
  5. ^ Konrad Adenauer Conference Center of Mishkenot Sha'ananim

Photographs[edit]

Coordinates: 31°46′17.05″N 35°13′27.65″E / 31.7714028°N 35.2243472°E / 31.7714028; 35.2243472