Misraqawi Zone

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Eastern Tigray
Misraqawi
Zone
Eastern Tigray location in Ethiopia
Eastern Tigray location in Ethiopia
Country Ethiopia
Region Tigray Region
Largest city Adigrat
Area[1]
 • Total 13,268.99 km2 (5,123.19 sq mi)
Population (2012 est.)
 • Total 862,348
 • Density 65/km2 (170/sq mi)

Misraqawi (or "Eastern") is a Zone in the Ethiopian Region of Tigray. Misraqawi is bordered on the east by the Afar Region, on the south by Debub Misraqawi (South Eastern), on the west by Mehakelegnaw (Central) and on the north by Eritrea. Its highest point is Mount Asimba (3,250 m). Towns and cities in Misraqawi include Adigrat, Atsbi, Hawzen, and Wiqro.

Demographics[edit]

A map of the regions and zones of Ethiopia.

Based on the 2007 Census conducted by the Central Statistical Agency of Ethiopia (CSA), this Zone has a total population of 755,343, of whom 359,638 are men and 395,705 women; 146,064 or 19.34% are urban inhabitants. Two largest ethnic groups reported in Misraqawi were the Tigray (95.32%) and Irob (3.78%); all other ethnic groups made up 0.9% of the population. Tigrinya is spoken as a first language by 95.36% and Saho language by 3.67%; the remaining 0.97% spoke all other primary languages reported. 95.73% of the population said they were Orthodox Christians, 2.4% were Muslim, and 1.79% were Catholics.[2]

In the 1994 Census, the Misraqawi Zone's population was 584,946, of whom 280,679 were males and 304,267 females; 85,508 or 14.6% of its population were urban dwellers. The Zone is predominantly Tigrayan, at 94.9% of the population, while 3.6% were Saho 0.9% were Afar, 0.3% Eritrean, and all other ethnic groups 0.2%.[3]

According to a May 24, 2004 World Bank memorandum, 9% of the inhabitants of Misraqawi have access to electricity, this zone has a road density of 88.2 kilometers per 1000 square kilometers, the average rural household has 0.5 hectare of land (compared to the national average of 1.01 hectare of land and a regional average of 0.51)[4] and the equivalent of 0.7 heads of livestock. 38.9% of the population is in non-farm related jobs, compared to the national average of 25% and a regional average of 28%. 91% of all eligible children are enrolled in primary school, and 35% in secondary schools. It is not known how much of the zone is exposed to malaria, but none is exposed to Tsetse fly. The memorandum gave this zone a drought risk rating of 573.[5]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Geohive: Ethiopia
  2. ^ Census 2007 Tables: Tigray Region, Tables 2.1, 3.1, 3.2, 3.4.
  3. ^ The 1994 Population and Housing Census of Ethiopia: Tigray Region, vol. 1, part 1: Tables 2.1 and 2.11
  4. ^ Comparative national and regional figures comes from another World Bank publication, Klaus Deininger et al. "Tenure Security and Land Related Investment", WP-2991 (accessed 23 March 2006).
  5. ^ World Bank, Four Ethiopias: A Regional Characterization (accessed 23 March 2006).

Coordinates: 14°10′N 39°30′E / 14.167°N 39.500°E / 14.167; 39.500