Its origins go back to 1929, when early contests took place until the advent of civil war in 1936, followed by the dictatorship of Francisco Franco, which did not permit beauty pageants until 1961.
It is currently broadcast to the entire country by Telecinco, from the Marina d'Or resort, in the province of Castellón.
Any woman who wants to participate in Miss Spain must appear before provincial branches of the pageant, and learn about the requirements needed, as well as methods for selection to be carried out in that province. Once selected by a delegation, they will represent their province in the contest. After a month of preliminary competition, events and cultural activities around the country, the new Miss Spain is selected.
The winner of Miss Spain is sent to represent her country in Miss Universe. However, if Miss Spain is underage, a runner-up is sent to Miss Universe. Overall in these international pageants, Spain's success has been moderate with one Miss Universe title in 1974 and 3 Miss International titles in 1977, 1990 and 2008. In 2013, the pageant is separated into two pageants - Miss World Spain and Miss Spain. In 2013 Patricia Yurena Rodríguez Alonso was crowned Miss Spain 2013 and represented Spain in Miss Universe 2013 where she placed 1st Runner-Up. Rodríguez is the first woman to be crowned Miss Spain twice, having previously won Miss Spain 2008 and representing Spain at Miss World 2008, where she made the top 15.
The winner of Miss España represents her country at Miss Universe. On occasion, when the winner does not qualify (due to age) for either contest, a runner-up is sent. Sometimes, the winner can also compete at Miss World and Miss Europe if the winner will be available to compete by the Miss España Organization.
AResigned BTook over title CPatricia Rodríguez originally won Miss Spain 2008 but due to age requirements was unable to compete at Miss Universe and was subsequently replaced by Claudia Moro. Rodríguez instead represented Spain at Miss World. Rodríguez later won Miss Spain 2013 represented Spain at Miss Universe 2013.
The 1st Runner-up of Miss España represents her country at the Miss World. On occasion, when the winner does not qualify (due to age) for either contest, a contestant is sent. In 2013 the official candidate will be selecting by Miss World Spain pageant, due to economic problems in Spain in 2011, the Miss España was bankruptcy.
The 2nd Runner-up of Miss España represents her country at the Miss International. On occasion, when the winner does not qualify (due to age) for either contest, a contestant is sent. In 2013 the official candidate will be selecting by Miss Internacional España pageant. Perhaps in 2014 will be joining at the Miss España again, due to economic problems in Spain in 2011, the pageant was bankruptcy.